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Record Information
Created at2020-11-23 19:40:48 UTC
Updated at2021-08-12 19:52:11 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0002801
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common Name(-)-Cotinine
Provided ByBMRBBMRB logo
Description(-)-Cotinine is also known as cotinina (-)-cotinine is a secondary metabolite. Secondary metabolites are metabolically or physiologically non-essential metabolites that may serve a role as defense or signalling molecules. In some cases they are simply molecules that arise from the incomplete metabolism of other secondary metabolites. (-)-Cotinine is found in Haloxylon persicum and Nicotiana tabacum. It was first documented in 2003 (PMID: 14700346). Based on a literature review a significant number of articles have been published on (-)-cotinine (PMID: 17984079) (PMID: 21655912) (PMID: 21953524) (PMID: 22027507).
Chemical FormulaC10H12N2O
Average Mass176.2190 Da
Monoisotopic Mass176.09496 Da
IUPAC Name(5S)-1-methyl-5-(pyridin-3-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one
Traditional Namecotinine
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
InChI Identifier
Experimental Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor EmailDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, simulated)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, simulated)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, simulated)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Predicted Spectra
Not Available
Chemical Shift Submissions
Not Available
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Haloxylon persicumLOTUS Database
Nicotiana tabacumLOTUS Database
Nicotiana tabacum (L.)KNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrrolidinylpyridines. These are compounds containing a pyrrolidinylpyridine ring system, which consists of a pyrrolidine ring linked to a pyridine ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassPyridines and derivatives
Sub ClassPyrrolidinylpyridines
Direct ParentPyrrolidinylpyridines
Alternative Parents
  • Pyrrolidinylpyridine
  • Alkaloid or derivatives
  • Pyrrolidone
  • 2-pyrrolidone
  • N-alkylpyrrolidine
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Lactam
  • Carboxamide group
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Azacycle
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.79ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area33.2 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity49.28 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability18.66 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00034470
Chemspider ID746405
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDCPD-2742
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkCotinine
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem CompoundNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID68641
Good Scents IDNot Available
General References
  1. Ulrich EL, Akutsu H, Doreleijers JF, Harano Y, Ioannidis YE, Lin J, Livny M, Mading S, Maziuk D, Miller Z, Nakatani E, Schulte CF, Tolmie DE, Kent Wenger R, Yao H, Markley JL: BioMagResBank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2008 Jan;36(Database issue):D402-8. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkm957. Epub 2007 Nov 4. [PubMed:17984079 ]
  2. Behera D, Uppal R, Majumdar S: Urinary levels of nicotine & cotinine in tobacco users. Indian J Med Res. 2003 Sep;118:129-33. [PubMed:14700346 ]
  3. Jin M, Earla R, Shah A, Earla RL, Gupte R, Mitra AK, Kumar A, Kumar S: A LC-MS/MS method for concurrent determination of nicotine metabolites and role of CYP2A6 in nicotine metabolism in U937 macrophages: implications in oxidative stress in HIV + smokers. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2012 Mar;7(1):289-99. doi: 10.1007/s11481-011-9283-6. Epub 2011 Jun 8. [PubMed:21655912 ]
  4. Leenders M, Chuang SC, Dahm CC, Overvad K, Ueland PM, Midttun O, Vollset SE, Tjonneland A, Halkjaer J, Jenab M, Clavel-Chapelon F, Boutron-Ruault MC, Kaaks R, Canzian F, Boeing H, Weikert C, Trichopoulou A, Bamia C, Naska A, Palli D, Pala V, Mattiello A, Tumino R, Sacerdote C, van Duijnhoven FJ, Peeters PH, van Gils CH, Lund E, Rodriguez L, Duell EJ, Perez MJ, Molina-Montes E, Castano JM, Barricarte A, Larranaga N, Johansen D, Lindkvist B, Sund M, Ye W, Khaw KT, Wareham NJ, Michaud DS, Riboli E, Xun WW, Allen NE, Crowe FL, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Vineis P: Plasma cotinine levels and pancreatic cancer in the EPIC cohort study. Int J Cancer. 2012 Aug 15;131(4):997-1002. doi: 10.1002/ijc.26452. Epub 2011 Nov 2. [PubMed:21953524 ]
  5. Tzatzarakis MN, Vardavas CI, Terzi I, Kavalakis M, Kokkinakis M, Liesivuori J, Tsatsakis AM: Hair nicotine/cotinine concentrations as a method of monitoring exposure to tobacco smoke among infants and adults. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2012 Mar;31(3):258-65. doi: 10.1177/0960327111422401. Epub 2011 Oct 25. [PubMed:22027507 ]