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Record Information
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2022-01-10 00:21:46 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0001241
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameDeoxyguanosine
DescriptionDeoxyguanosine, also known as dG, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine 2'-deoxyribonucleosides. Purine 2'-deoxyribonucleosides are compounds consisting of a purine linked to a ribose which lacks a hydroxyl group at position 2’. Deoxyguanosine is a nucleoside consisting of the base guanine and the sugar deoxyribose. Deoxyguanosine is one of the four deoxyribonucleosides that make up DNA. Deoxyguanosine exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to plants to humans. Deoxyguanosine participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, deoxyguanosine can be biosynthesized from 2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate through the enzyme known as cytosolic purine 5'-nucleotidase. In addition, deoxyguanosine can be converted into 2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate (dGMP); which is mediated by the enzyme deoxyguanosine kinase. Deoxyguanosine is involved in the rare, inherited metabolic disorder called the purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency (PNP deficiency). In particular PNP deficiency is characterized by elevated levels of dGTP (deoxyguanosine triphosphate). PNP accounts for approximately 4% of patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (PMID: 1931007 ). PNP-deficient patients suffer from recurrent infections, usually beginning in the first year of life. Two thirds of patients have evidence of neurologic disorders with spasticity, developmental delay and mental retardation. Deoxyguanosine can be converted to 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) due to hydroxyl radical attack at the C8 of guanine. 8-Hydroxy-deoxyguanosine is a sensitive marker of the DNA damage This damage, if left unrepaired, has been proposed to contribute to mutagenicity and cancer promotion.
Guanine deoxy nucleosideChEBI
Guanine deoxyribosideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H13N5O4
Average Mass267.2413 Da
Monoisotopic Mass267.09675 Da
IUPAC Name2-amino-9-[(2R,4S,5R)-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-6,9-dihydro-1H-purin-6-one
Traditional Name2-deoxyguanosine
CAS Registry Number961-07-9
InChI Identifier
Experimental Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor EmailDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, H2O, simulated)Ahselim2022-01-10View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, H2O, experimental)Ahselim2022-01-10View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Predicted Spectra
Not Available
Chemical Shift Submissions
Not Available
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Asterias forbesiLOTUS Database
Cannabis sativaCannabisDB
      Not Available
Ctenodiscus crispatusLOTUS Database
Daphnia pulexLOTUS Database
Homo sapiensLOTUS Database
Leptasterias polarisLOTUS Database
Mus musculusLOTUS Database
Phaseolus vulgarisKNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine 2'-deoxyribonucleosides. Purine 2'-deoxyribonucleosides are compounds consisting of a purine linked to a ribose which lacks a hydroxyl group at position 2.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleosides
Sub ClassPurine 2'-deoxyribonucleosides
Direct ParentPurine 2'-deoxyribonucleosides
Alternative Parents
  • Purine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside
  • 6-oxopurine
  • Hypoxanthine
  • Purinone
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Pyrimidone
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Pyrimidine
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Amine
  • Primary amine
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting Point300 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-1.30Balzarini, J., Matthes, E., Meeus, P., Johns, D. G. & De Clercq, E. (1988) Proceedings of the VI International Symposium on Human Purine and Pyrimidine Metabolism, Hakone, Japan, July 17-21, 1988.
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility11.5 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)10.16ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)0.46ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area134.99 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity63.11 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability25.24 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB112158
KNApSAcK IDC00054573
Chemspider ID163230
KEGG Compound IDC00330
BiGG ID34637
Wikipedia LinkDeoxyguanosine
PubChem Compound187790
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17172
Good Scents IDNot Available
General References
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  2. Podmore K, Farmer PB, Herbert KE, Jones GD, Martin EA: 32P-postlabelling approaches for the detection of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine-3'-monophosphate in DNA. Mutat Res. 1997 Aug 1;378(1-2):139-49. [PubMed:9288892 ]
  3. Shibata T, Iio K, Kawai Y, Shibata N, Kawaguchi M, Toi S, Kobayashi M, Kobayashi M, Yamamoto K, Uchida K: Identification of a lipid peroxidation product as a potential trigger of the p53 pathway. J Biol Chem. 2006 Jan 13;281(2):1196-204. Epub 2005 Oct 26. [PubMed:16251187 ]
  4. Gackowski D, Ciecierski M, Jawien A, Olinski R: Background level of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine in lymphocyte DNA does not correlate with the concentration of antioxidant vitamins in blood plasma. Acta Biochim Pol. 2001;48(2):535-9. [PubMed:11732622 ]
  5. Takamura-Enya T, Watanabe M, Totsuka Y, Kanazawa T, Matsushima-Hibiya Y, Koyama K, Sugimura T, Wakabayashi K: Mono(ADP-ribosyl)ation of 2'-deoxyguanosine residue in DNA by an apoptosis-inducing protein, pierisin-1, from cabbage butterfly. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Oct 23;98(22):12414-9. Epub 2001 Oct 9. [PubMed:11592983 ]
  6. Palozza P, Serini S, Di Nicuolo F, Boninsegna A, Torsello A, Maggiano N, Ranelletti FO, Wolf FI, Calviello G, Cittadini A: beta-Carotene exacerbates DNA oxidative damage and modifies p53-related pathways of cell proliferation and apoptosis in cultured cells exposed to tobacco smoke condensate. Carcinogenesis. 2004 Aug;25(8):1315-25. Epub 2004 Apr 8. [PubMed:15073048 ]
  7. Zaidi SN, Laidlaw I, Howell A, Potten CS, Cooper DP, O'Connor PJ: Normal human breast xenografts activate N-nitrosodimethylamine: identification of potential target cells for an environmental nitrosamine. Br J Cancer. 1992 Jul;66(1):79-83. [PubMed:1637681 ]
  8. Gackowski D, Banaszkiewicz Z, Rozalski R, Jawien A, Olinski R: Persistent oxidative stress in colorectal carcinoma patients. Int J Cancer. 2002 Oct 1;101(4):395-7. [PubMed:12209966 ]
  9. Araki S, Hayashi M, Tamagawa K, Saito M, Kato S, Komori T, Sakakihara Y, Mizutani T, Oda M: Neuropathological analysis in spinal muscular atrophy type II. Acta Neuropathol. 2003 Nov;106(5):441-8. Epub 2003 Jul 25. [PubMed:12898156 ]
  10. Kato I, Ren J, Heilbrun LK, Djuric Z: Intra- and inter-individual variability in measurements of biomarkers for oxidative damage in vivo: Nutrition and Breast Health Study. Biomarkers. 2006 Mar-Apr;11(2):143-52. [PubMed:16766390 ]
  11. Izzedine H, Launay-Vacher V, Aymard G, Legrand M, Deray G: Pharmacokinetics of abacavir in HIV-1-infected patients with impaired renal function. Nephron. 2001 Sep;89(1):62-7. [PubMed:11528234 ]
  12. Wevers RA, Engelke UF, Moolenaar SH, Brautigam C, de Jong JG, Duran R, de Abreu RA, van Gennip AH: 1H-NMR spectroscopy of body fluids: inborn errors of purine and pyrimidine metabolism. Clin Chem. 1999 Apr;45(4):539-48. [PubMed:10102915 ]
  13. Bowen P, Chen L, Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis M, Duncan C, Sharifi R, Ghosh L, Kim HS, Christov-Tzelkov K, van Breemen R: Tomato sauce supplementation and prostate cancer: lycopene accumulation and modulation of biomarkers of carcinogenesis. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2002 Nov;227(10):886-93. [PubMed:12424330 ]
  14. Staal GE, Stoop JW, Zegers BJ, Siegenbeek van Heukelom LH, van der Vlist MJ, Wadman SK, Martin DW: Erythrocyte metabolism in purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency after enzyme replacement therapy by infusion of erythrocytes. J Clin Invest. 1980 Jan;65(1):103-8. [PubMed:6765955 ]
  15. Blair IA: Lipid hydroperoxide-mediated DNA damage. Exp Gerontol. 2001 Sep;36(9):1473-81. [PubMed:11525870 ]
  16. Schramm VL: Development of transition state analogues of purine nucleoside phosphorylase as anti-T-cell agents. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Jul 18;1587(2-3):107-17. [PubMed:12084452 ]
  17. Schilderman PA, Rhijnsburger E, Zwingmann I, Kleinjans JC: Induction of oxidative DNA damages and enhancement of cell proliferation in human lymphocytes in vitro by butylated hydroxyanisole. Carcinogenesis. 1995 Mar;16(3):507-12. [PubMed:7697806 ]
  18. Kaneko T, Tahara S: Formation of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine in the DNA of human diploid fibroblasts by treatment with linoleic acid hydroperoxide and ferric ion. Lipids. 2000 Sep;35(9):961-5. [PubMed:11026616 ]
  19. Hou SM, Nori P, Fang JL, Vaca CE: Methylglyoxal induces hprt mutation and DNA adducts in human T-lymphocytes in vitro. Environ Mol Mutagen. 1995;26(4):286-91. [PubMed:8575417 ]
  20. Bialkowski K, Kowara R, Windorbska W, Olinski R: 8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine level in lymphocytes DNA of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Cancer Lett. 1996 Jan 19;99(1):93-7. [PubMed:8564935 ]
  21. Markert ML: Purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency. Immunodefic Rev. 1991;3(1):45-81. [PubMed:1931007 ]
  22. Wan J, Chen R, Yang Z, Xi J, Cao Y, Chen Y, Zhang X, Luan Y: Aristolochic acid IVa forms DNA adducts in vitro but is non-genotoxic in vivo. Arch Toxicol. 2021 Aug;95(8):2839-2850. doi: 10.1007/s00204-021-03077-1. Epub 2021 Jul 5. [PubMed:34223934 ]