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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2020-11-24 22:19:07 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000885
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common Namegamma-Glutamylcysteine
DescriptionGamma-Glutamylcysteine is a dipeptide composed of gamma-glutamate and cysteine, and is a proteolytic breakdown product of larger proteins. It belongs to the family of N-acyl-alpha amino acids and derivatives. These are compounds containing an alpha amino acid which bears an acyl group at its terminal nitrogen atom. Gamma-Glutamylcysteine is an incomplete breakdown product of protein digestion or protein catabolism. Some dipeptides are known to have physiological or cell-signaling effects although most are simply short-lived intermediates on their way to specific amino acid degradation pathways following further proteolysis. Gamma-Glutamylcysteine is a product of enzyme glutamate-cysteine ligase [EC 6.3.2.2] And a substrate of enzyme glutathione synthase [EC 6.3.2.3] In the glutamate metabolism pathway (KEGG).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteineChEBI
gamma-Glu-cysChEBI
gamma-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteineChEBI
L-gamma-GlutamylcysteineChEBI
g-Glu-cysGenerator
Γ-glu-cysGenerator
g-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteineGenerator
Γ-L-glutamyl-L-cysteineGenerator
L-g-GlutamylcysteineGenerator
L-Γ-glutamylcysteineGenerator
g-GlutamylcysteineGenerator
Γ-glutamylcysteineGenerator
Γ-L-glu-L-cysHMDB
L-Γ-glutamyl-L-cysteineHMDB
N-Γ-glutamylcysteineHMDB
N-L-Γ-glutamylcysteineHMDB
N-L-Γ-glutamyl-L-cysteineHMDB
gamma-L-Glu-L-cysHMDB
L-gamma-Glutamyl-L-cysteineHMDB
N-gamma-GlutamylcysteineHMDB
N-L-gamma-GlutamylcysteineHMDB
N-L-gamma-Glutamyl-L-cysteineHMDB
5-L-GlutamylcysteineHMDB
H-gamma-Glu-cys-OHHMDB
L-g-Glutamyl-L-cysteineHMDB
N-Γ-L-glutamyl-L-cysteineHMDB
gamma-GlutamylcysteineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC8H14N2O5S
Average Mass250.2720 Da
Monoisotopic Mass250.06234 Da
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-amino-4-{[(1R)-1-carboxy-2-sulfanylethyl]carbamoyl}butanoic acid
Traditional Namegamma-glutamylcysteine
CAS Registry Number636-58-8
SMILES
N[C@@H](CCC(=O)N[C@@H](CS)C(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C8H14N2O5S/c9-4(7(12)13)1-2-6(11)10-5(3-16)8(14)15/h4-5,16H,1-3,9H2,(H,10,11)(H,12,13)(H,14,15)/t4-,5-/m0/s1
InChI KeyRITKHVBHSGLULN-WHFBIAKZSA-N
Experimental Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor EmailDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Predicted Spectra
Not Available
Chemical Shift Submissions
Not Available
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Arabidopsis thalianaKNApSAcK Database
Cannabis sativaCannabisDB
      Not Available
Mus musculusLOTUS Database
Trypanosoma bruceiLOTUS Database
Species Where Detected
Species NameSourceReference
Escherichia coliKNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as n-acyl-alpha amino acids. N-acyl-alpha amino acids are compounds containing an alpha amino acid which bears an acyl group at its terminal nitrogen atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentN-acyl-alpha amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Cysteine or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Amino acid
  • Alkylthiol
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.62 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.5ALOGPS
logP-3.8ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.91ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.24ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area129.72 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity56.31 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability23.36 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0001049
DrugBank IDDB03408
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB030977
KNApSAcK IDC00007507
Chemspider ID110467
KEGG Compound IDC00669
BioCyc IDL-GAMMA-GLUTAMYLCYSTEINE
BiGG ID35655
Wikipedia LinkGamma-Glutamylcysteine
METLIN ID5966
PubChem Compound123938
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17515
Good Scents IDNot Available
References
General References
  1. Efferth T, Volm M: Glutathione-related enzymes contribute to resistance of tumor cells and low toxicity in normal organs to artesunate. In Vivo. 2005 Jan-Feb;19(1):225-32. [PubMed:15796179 ]
  2. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. doi: 10.1038/nature07762. [PubMed:19212411 ]
  3. Andersson A, Isaksson A, Brattstrom L, Hultberg B: Homocysteine and other thiols determined in plasma by HPLC and thiol-specific postcolumn derivatization. Clin Chem. 1993 Aug;39(8):1590-7. [PubMed:8353942 ]
  4. Iida M, Yasuhara T, Mochizuki H, Takakura H, Yanagisawa T, Kubo H: Two Japanese brothers with hereditary gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase deficiency. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2005;28(1):49-55. [PubMed:15702405 ]
  5. Lochman P, Adam T, Friedecky D, Hlidkova E, Skopkova Z: High-throughput capillary electrophoretic method for determination of total aminothiols in plasma and urine. Electrophoresis. 2003 Apr;24(7-8):1200-7. [PubMed:12707912 ]
  6. Atamna H, Ginsburg H: The malaria parasite supplies glutathione to its host cell--investigation of glutathione transport and metabolism in human erythrocytes infected with Plasmodium falciparum. Eur J Biochem. 1997 Dec 15;250(3):670-9. [PubMed:9461289 ]
  7. Martensson J: Method for determination of free and total glutathione and gamma-glutamylcysteine concentrations in human leukocytes and plasma. J Chromatogr. 1987 Sep 4;420(1):152-7. [PubMed:3667817 ]
  8. Andersson A, Isaksson A, Hultberg B: Homocysteine export from erythrocytes and its implication for plasma sampling. Clin Chem. 1992 Jul;38(7):1311-5. [PubMed:1623596 ]
  9. Kaarteenaho-Wiik R, Kinnula VL: Distribution of antioxidant enzymes in developing human lung, respiratory distress syndrome, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. J Histochem Cytochem. 2004 Sep;52(9):1231-40. [PubMed:15314090 ]
  10. Diaz-Hernandez JI, Almeida A, Delgado-Esteban M, Fernandez E, Bolanos JP: Knockdown of glutamate-cysteine ligase by small hairpin RNA reveals that both catalytic and modulatory subunits are essential for the survival of primary neurons. J Biol Chem. 2005 Nov 25;280(47):38992-9001. Epub 2005 Sep 23. [PubMed:16183645 ]
  11. Levonen AL, Lapatto R, Saksela M, Raivio KO: Expression of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase during development. Pediatr Res. 2000 Feb;47(2):266-70. [PubMed:10674357 ]
  12. Martensson J, Kagedal B, Larsson A: Sulphur amino-acid degradation in subjects with hereditary glutathione synthetase deficiency (5-oxoprolinuria). Eur J Clin Invest. 1985 Dec;15(6):371-4. [PubMed:3938407 ]
  13. Zinellu A, Sotgia S, Posadino AM, Pasciu V, Perino MG, Tadolini B, Deiana L, Carru C: Highly sensitive simultaneous detection of cultured cellular thiols by laser induced fluorescence-capillary electrophoresis. Electrophoresis. 2005 Mar;26(6):1063-70. [PubMed:15706569 ]
  14. Njalsson R, Ristoff E, Carlsson K, Winkler A, Larsson A, Norgren S: Genotype, enzyme activity, glutathione level, and clinical phenotype in patients with glutathione synthetase deficiency. Hum Genet. 2005 Apr;116(5):384-9. Epub 2005 Feb 17. [PubMed:15717202 ]
  15. Lou MF, Dickerson JE Jr, Tung WH, Wolfe JK, Chylack LT Jr: Correlation of nuclear color and opalescence with protein S-thiolation in human lenses. Exp Eye Res. 1999 May;68(5):547-52. [PubMed:10328968 ]