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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2021-06-29 00:46:27 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000630
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameStearoylcarnitine
DescriptionStearoylcarnitine, also known as acylcarnitine C18:0, Is a fatty ester lipid molecule. It is found in significantly greater amounts of patients with carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) II deficiency when compared to controls (PMID: 15653102 ). Stearoylcarnitine is also found to be associated with celiac disease, another inborn error of metabolism. The carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT; EC 2.3.1.21) Enzyme system, in conjunction with acyl-CoA synthetase and carnitine/acylcarnitine translocase, provides the mechanism whereby long-chain fatty acids are transferred from the cytosol to the mitochondrial matrix to undergo beta-oxidation (OMIM: 600650 ). Stearoylcarnitine is considered to be practically insoluble in water and acidic.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(-)-StearoylcarnitineChEBI
(R)-OctadecanoylcarnitineChEBI
(R)-StearoylcarnitineChEBI
Acylcarnitine C18:0ChEBI
L-StearoylcarnitineChEBI
O-Octadecanoyl-(R)-carnitineChEBI
O-Octadecanoyl-R-carnitineChEBI
O-Stearoyl-L-carnitineChEBI
OctadecanoylcarnitineChEBI
3-(Octadecanoyloxy)-4-(trimethylammonio)butanoateHMDB
O-OctadecanoylcarnitineHMDB
3-(Octadecanoyloxy)-4-(trimethylammonio)butanoic acidHMDB
(R)-3-Carboxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-2-[(1-oxooctadecyl)oxy]-1-propanaminium inner saltHMDB
L-(3-Carboxy-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethyl-ammonium stearate hydroxide inner saltHMDB
L-Stearic acid ester with (3-carboxy-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide inner saltHMDB
Octadecanoyl-L-carnitineHMDB
Stearoyl-L-carnitineHMDB
StearoylcarnitineChEBI
Chemical FormulaC25H49NO4
Average Mass427.6700 Da
Monoisotopic Mass427.36616 Da
IUPAC Name(3R)-3-(octadecanoyloxy)-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
Traditional Namestearoylcarnitine
CAS Registry Number25597-09-5
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)O[C@H](CC([O-])=O)C[N+](C)(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C25H49NO4/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-25(29)30-23(21-24(27)28)22-26(2,3)4/h23H,5-22H2,1-4H3/t23-/m1/s1
InChI KeyFNPHNLNTJNMAEE-HSZRJFAPSA-N
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor IDDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 25 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 252 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 50 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 75 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 101 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 126 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 151 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 176 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 201 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 226 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, CDCl3, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Anas platyrhynchosFooDB
AnatidaeFooDB
Anser anserFooDB
Bison bisonFooDB
Bos taurusFooDB
Bos taurus X Bison bisonFooDB
Bubalus bubalisFooDB
Capra aegagrus hircusFooDB
CervidaeFooDB
Cervus canadensisFooDB
ColumbaFooDB
ColumbidaeFooDB
Dromaius novaehollandiaeFooDB
Equus caballusFooDB
Gallus gallusFooDB
Lagopus mutaFooDB
LeporidaeFooDB
Lepus timidusFooDB
Melanitta fuscaFooDB
Meleagris gallopavoFooDB
Numida meleagrisFooDB
OdocoileusFooDB
OryctolagusFooDB
Ovis ariesFooDB
PhasianidaeFooDB
Phasianus colchicusFooDB
Struthio camelusFooDB
Sus scrofaFooDB
Sus scrofa domesticaFooDB
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl carnitines. These are organic compounds containing a fatty acid with the carboxylic acid attached to carnitine through an ester bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acid esters
Direct ParentAcyl carnitines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acyl-carnitine
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid salt
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic salt
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.0e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP2.62ALOGPS
logP2.92ChemAxon
logS-7.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.22ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.43 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity146.28 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability54.7 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0000848
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022278
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID1585824
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID5811
PubChem Compound52922056
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID84644
Good Scents IDNot Available
References
General References
  1. Kamimori H, Hamashima Y, Konishi M: Determination of carnitine and saturated-acyl group carnitines in human urine by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Anal Biochem. 1994 May 1;218(2):417-24. [PubMed:8074302 ]
  2. Minkler PE, Ingalls ST, Hoppel CL: High-performance liquid chromatographic separation of acylcarnitines following derivatization with 4'-bromophenacyl trifluoromethanesulfonate. Anal Biochem. 1990 Feb 15;185(1):29-35. [PubMed:2344045 ]
  3. Minkler PE, Kerner J, North KN, Hoppel CL: Quantitation of long-chain acylcarnitines by HPLC/fluorescence detection: application to plasma and tissue specimens from patients with carnitine palmitoyltransferase-II deficiency. Clin Chim Acta. 2005 Feb;352(1-2):81-92. [PubMed:15653102 ]
  4. Bell FP: Carnitine esters: novel inhibitors of plasma lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase in experimental animals but not in man (Homo sapiens). Int J Biochem. 1983;15(2):133-6. [PubMed:6822312 ]
  5. Fingerhut R, Roschinger W, Muntau AC, Dame T, Kreischer J, Arnecke R, Superti-Furga A, Troxler H, Liebl B, Olgemoller B, Roscher AA: Hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase I deficiency: acylcarnitine profiles in blood spots are highly specific. Clin Chem. 2001 Oct;47(10):1763-8. [PubMed:11568084 ]
  6. Zhang AQ, Mitchell SC, Ayesh R, Smith RL: Determination of trimethylamine and related aliphatic amines in human urine by head-space gas chromatography. J Chromatogr. 1992 Dec 23;584(2):141-5. [PubMed:1484098 ]
  7. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  8. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  9. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  10. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  11. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.