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Record Information
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2021-08-19 23:58:11 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000535
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameSebacic acid
DescriptionSebacic acid is a saturated, straight-chain naturally occurring dicarboxylic acid with 10 carbon atoms. Sebacic acid is a normal urinary acid. In patients with multiple acyl-CoA-dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD), also known as glutaric aciduria type II (GAII), a group of metabolic disorders due to deficiency of either electron transfer flavoprotein or electron transfer flavoprotein ubiquinone oxidoreductase, biochemical data shows an increase in urine sebacic acid excretion. Sebacic acid is found to be associated with carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency and medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, which are inborn errors of metabolism. Sebacic acid is a white flake or powdered crystal slightly soluble in water that has been proposed as an alternative energy substrate in total parenteral nutrition. Sebacic Acid was named from the Latin sebaceus (tallow candle) or sebum (tallow) in reference to its use in the manufacture of candles. Sebacic acid and its derivatives such as azelaic acid have a variety of industrial uses as plasticizers, lubricants, hydraulic fluids, cosmetics, candles, etc. It is used in the synthesis of polyamide and alkyd resins. It is also used as an intermediate for aromatics, antiseptics and painting materials (PMID: 10556649 , 1738216 , 8442769 , 12706375 ).
1,10-Decanedioic acidChEBI
Decanedioic acidChEBI
1,8-Octanedicarboxylic acidHMDB
4,7-Dioxosebacic acidHMDB
4-Oxodecanedioic acidHMDB
Acide sebaciqueHMDB
Decanedicarboxylic acidHMDB
Dicarboxylic acid C10HMDB
Ipomic acidHMDB
N-Decanedioic acidHMDB
Sebacic acidsHMDB
Seracic acidHMDB
Sebacic acid, aluminum saltHMDB
Sebacic acid, monocadmium saltHMDB
Sebacic acid, sodium saltHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H18O4
Average Mass202.2475 Da
Monoisotopic Mass202.12051 Da
IUPAC Namedecanedioic acid
Traditional Namesebacic acid
CAS Registry Number111-20-6
InChI Identifier
Experimental Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor EmailDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, CD3OD, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Predicted Spectra
Not Available
Chemical Shift Submissions
Not Available
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Anas platyrhynchosFooDB
Angelica sinensisKNApSAcK Database
Anser anserFooDB
Apis ceranaLOTUS Database
Bison bisonFooDB
Bos taurusFooDB
Bos taurus X Bison bisonFooDB
Bubalus bubalisFooDB
Caesalpinia pulcherrimaKNApSAcK Database
Capra aegagrus hircusFooDB
Cervus canadensisFooDB
Dromaius novaehollandiaeFooDB
Equus caballusFooDB
Gallus gallusFooDB
Glycine maxFooDB
Isatis tinctoriaLOTUS Database
Lagopus mutaFooDB
Lepus timidusFooDB
Melanitta fuscaFooDB
Meleagris gallopavoFooDB
Numida meleagrisFooDB
Ovis ariesFooDB
Phaseolus vulgarisLOTUS Database
Phasianus colchicusFooDB
Pinus sibiricaKNApSAcK Database
Ricinus communisKNApSAcK Database
Struthio camelusFooDB
Sus scrofaFooDB
Sus scrofa domesticaFooDB
Trypanosoma bruceiLOTUS Database
Vigna radiataFooDB
Species Where Detected
Species NameSourceReference
Homo sapiens (Urine)KNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 4 and 12 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentMedium-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting Point130.8 °CNot Available
Boiling Point364.00 to 365.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm HgThe Good Scents Company Information System
Water Solubility1 mg/mLNot Available
LogP1.706 (est)The Good Scents Company Information System
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.91 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.72ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity51.14 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability22.61 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
DrugBank IDDB07645
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022247
KNApSAcK IDC00001202
Chemspider ID5004
KEGG Compound IDC08277
BioCyc IDCPD-3623
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkSebacic_acid
PubChem Compound5192
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID41865
Good Scents IDrw1281881
General References
  1. Shoemaker JD, Elliott WH: Automated screening of urine samples for carbohydrates, organic and amino acids after treatment with urease. J Chromatogr. 1991 Jan 2;562(1-2):125-38. [PubMed:2026685 ]
  2. Jakobs C, Sweetman L, Wadman SK, Duran M, Saudubray JM, Nyhan WL: Prenatal diagnosis of glutaric aciduria type II by direct chemical analysis of dicarboxylic acids in amniotic fluid. Eur J Pediatr. 1984 Jan;141(3):153-7. [PubMed:6698061 ]
  3. Fleming AB, Saltzman WM: Pharmacokinetics of the carmustine implant. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2002;41(6):403-19. [PubMed:12074689 ]
  4. Gregersen N, Kolvraa S, Mortensen PB, Rasmussen K: C6-C10-dicarboxylic aciduria: biochemical considerations in relation to diagnosis of beta-oxidation defects. Scand J Clin Lab Invest Suppl. 1982;161:15-27. [PubMed:6959231 ]
  5. Bertuzzi A, Finotti E, Mingrone G, Greco AV: Sebacic acid binding to human plasma albumin. Biochem Pharmacol. 1993 Feb 9;45(3):697-702. [PubMed:8442769 ]
  6. Capristo E, Mingrone G, De Gaetano A, Addolorato G, Greco AV, Gasbarrini G: A new HPLC method for the direct analysis of triglycerides of dicarboxylic acids in biological samples. Clin Chim Acta. 1999 Nov;289(1-2):11-21. [PubMed:10556649 ]
  7. Mingrone G, Tacchino RM, Castagneto M, Finotti E, Greco AV: Use of even-numbered carbon atom dicarboxylic salts in parenteral nutrition as fuel substrate. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1992 Jan-Feb;16(1):32-8. [PubMed:1738216 ]
  8. Curcoy A, Olsen RK, Ribes A, Trenchs V, Vilaseca MA, Campistol J, Osorio JH, Andresen BS, Gregersen N: Late-onset form of beta-electron transfer flavoprotein deficiency. Mol Genet Metab. 2003 Apr;78(4):247-9. [PubMed:12706375 ]