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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2021-08-19 23:58:04 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000376
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameGuaiacol
DescriptionGuaiacol is a phenolic compound with a methoxy group and is the monomethyl ether of catechol. Guaiacol is readily oxidized by the heme iron of peroxidases including the peroxidase of cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes. It therefore serves as a reducing co-substrate for COX reactions. Guaiacol is a phenolic natural product first isolated from Guaiac resin and the oxidation of lignin. It is a yellowish aromatic oil that is now commonly derived from guaiacum or wood creosote. It is used medicinally as an expectorant, antiseptic, and local anesthetic. Guaiacol is used in traditional dental pulp sedation, and has the property of inducing cell proliferation; guaiacol is a potent scavenger of reactive oxygen radicals and its radical scavenging activity may be associated with its effect on cell proliferation. Guaiacol is also used in the preparation of synthetic vanillin. Guaiacol is also present in wood smoke, as a product of pyrolysis of lignin. Guaiacol has been found in the urine of patients with neuroblastoma and pheochromocytoma. (PMID 4344880 , 16152729 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-Hydroxy-2-methoxybenzeneChEBI
2-HydroxyanisoleChEBI
Catechol monomethyl etherChEBI
O-MethoxyphenolChEBI
CreodonKegg
2-MethoxyphenolHMDB
2-Methoxy-phenolHMDB
AnastilHMDB
Guaiacol (liquid) extra pureHMDB
GuaiastilHMDB
GuaicolHMDB
GuaicolinaHMDB
GuajakolHMDB
GuajolHMDB
GuasolHMDB
GuiacolHMDB
MethoxyphenolHMDB
MethylcatacholHMDB
MethylcatecholHMDB
O-GuaiacolHMDB
O-HydroxyanisoleHMDB
O-Methoxy-phenolHMDB
O-Methyl catecholHMDB
Pyrocatechol monomethyl etherHMDB
Pyroguaiac acidHMDB
2-Hydroxy-anisoleHMDB
Catechol, methylHMDB
Methyl catecholHMDB
2-Methoxyl-4-vinylphenolHMDB
GuaiacolHMDB
Chemical FormulaC7H8O2
Average Mass124.1390 Da
Monoisotopic Mass124.05243 Da
IUPAC Name2-methoxyphenol
Traditional Nameguaiacol
CAS Registry Number90-05-1
SMILES
COC1=C(O)C=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H8O2/c1-9-7-5-3-2-4-6(7)8/h2-5,8H,1H3
InChI KeyLHGVFZTZFXWLCP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor IDDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, CDCl3, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 25.16 MHz, CDCl3, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C] NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Apium graveolensKNApSAcK Database
Betula sp.KNApSAcK Database
Brassica hirtaKNApSAcK Database
Coffea arabicaKNApSAcK Database
Coffea canephoraKNApSAcK Database
Guaiacum officinaleKNApSAcK Database
Illicium fargesiiKNApSAcK Database
Melia azadirachKNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as methoxyphenols. Methoxyphenols are compounds containing a methoxy group attached to the benzene ring of a phenol moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassPhenols
Sub ClassMethoxyphenols
Direct ParentMethoxyphenols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Methoxyphenol
  • Phenoxy compound
  • Methoxybenzene
  • Phenol ether
  • Anisole
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Ether
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point28 °CNot Available
Boiling Point205.00 to 206.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm HgThe Good Scents Company Information System
Water Solubility18.7 mg/mL at 15 °CNot Available
LogP1.32HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility67.4 g/LALOGPS
logP1.32ALOGPS
logP1.51ChemAxon
logS-0.27ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)9.98ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area29.46 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity34.5 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability12.69 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
External Links
HMDB IDHMDB0001398
DrugBank IDDB11359
Phenol Explorer Compound ID650
FoodDB IDFDB011885
KNApSAcK IDC00029459
Chemspider ID447
KEGG Compound IDC15572
BioCyc IDCPD-400
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkGuaiacol
METLIN ID6217
PubChem Compound460
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28591
Good Scents IDrw1032271
References
General References
  1. Tsibris JC, Virgin SD, Khan-Dawood FS, Langenberg PW, Thomason JL, Spellacy WN: Cervicovaginal peroxidases: markers of the fertile period. Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Mar;67(3):316-20. [PubMed:3003635 ]
  2. Bieniek G, Kurkiewicz S, Wilczok T, Klimek K, Swiatkowska L, Lusiak A: occupational exposure to aromatic hydrocarbons at a coke plant: Part II. Exposure assessment of volatile organic compounds. J Occup Health. 2004 May;46(3):181-6. [PubMed:15215658 ]
  3. Ogata N, Shibata T: Binding of alkyl- and alkoxy-substituted simple phenolic compounds to human serum proteins. Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol. 2000;107(1-2):167-73. [PubMed:11334365 ]
  4. Mutlib AE, Klein JT: Application of liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry in accelerating the identification of human liver cytochrome P450 isoforms involved in the metabolism of iloperidone. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 Sep;286(3):1285-93. [PubMed:9732390 ]
  5. Rogers LE, Lyon GM Jr, Porter FS: Spot test for vanillylmandelic acid and other guaiacols in urine of patients with neuroblastoma. Am J Clin Pathol. 1972 Oct;58(4):383-7. [PubMed:4344880 ]
  6. Pruitt KM, Kamau DN, Miller K, Mansson-Rahemtulla B, Rahemtulla F: Quantitative, standardized assays for determining the concentrations of bovine lactoperoxidase, human salivary peroxidase, and human myeloperoxidase. Anal Biochem. 1990 Dec;191(2):278-86. [PubMed:1964765 ]
  7. Kupfer A, Lawson J, Branch RA: Stereoselectivity of the arene epoxide pathway of mephenytoin hydroxylation in man. Epilepsia. 1984 Feb;25(1):1-7. [PubMed:6420144 ]
  8. Mimurai T, Yazaki K, Sawaki K, Ozawa T, Kawaguchi M: Hydroxyl radical scavenging effects of guaiacol used in traditional dental pulp sedation: reaction kinetic study. Biomed Res. 2005 Aug;26(4):139-45. [PubMed:16152729 ]