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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2021-10-07 20:41:53 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000371
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NamePalmitic acid
DescriptionPalmitic acid, or hexadecanoic acid, is one of the most common saturated fatty acids found in animals, plants, and microorganisms. As its name indicates, it is a major component of the oil from the fruit of oil palms (palm oil). Excess carbohydrates in the body are converted to palmitic acid. Palmitic acid is the first fatty acid produced during fatty acid synthesis and is the precursor to longer fatty acids. As a consequence, palmitic acid is a major body component of animals. In humans, one analysis found it to make up 21–30% (molar) of human depot fat (PMID: 13756126 ), And it is a major, but highly variable, lipid component of human breast milk (PMID: 352132 ). Palmitic acid is used to produce soaps, cosmetics, and industrial mould release agents. These applications use sodium palmitate, which is commonly obtained by saponification of palm oil. To this end, palm oil, rendered from palm tree (species Elaeis guineensis), is treated with sodium hydroxide (in the form of caustic soda or lye), which causes hydrolysis of the ester groups, yielding glycerol and sodium palmitate. Aluminium salts of palmitic acid and naphthenic acid were combined during World War II to produce napalm. The word "napalm" is derived from the words naphthenic acid and palmitic acid (Wikipedia). Palmitic acid is also used in the determination of water hardness and is a surfactant of Levovist, an intravenous ultrasonic contrast agent.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-Hexyldecanoic acidChEBI
1-Pentadecanecarboxylic acidChEBI
16:00ChEBI
C16ChEBI
C16 Fatty acidChEBI
C16:0ChEBI
Cetylic acidChEBI
CH3-[CH2]14-COOHChEBI
FA 16:0ChEBI
HexadecanoateChEBI
Hexadecoic acidChEBI
Hexadecylic acidChEBI
Hexaectylic acidChEBI
N-Hexadecanoic acidChEBI
N-Hexadecoic acidChEBI
PalmitateChEBI
Palmitinic acidChEBI
PalmitinsaeureChEBI
Pentadecanecarboxylic acidChEBI
1-HexyldecanoateGenerator
1-PentadecanecarboxylateGenerator
CetylateGenerator
Hexadecanoic acidGenerator
HexadecoateGenerator
HexadecylateGenerator
HexaectylateGenerator
N-HexadecanoateGenerator
N-HexadecoateGenerator
PalmitinateGenerator
PentadecanecarboxylateGenerator
Edenor C16HMDB
Emersol 140HMDB
Emersol 143HMDB
Glycon p-45HMDB
Hexadecanoate (N-C16:0)HMDB
Hexadecanoic acid palmitic acidHMDB
HydrofolHMDB
Hydrofol acid 1690HMDB
Hystrene 8016HMDB
Hystrene 9016HMDB
Industrene 4516HMDB
Kortacid 1698HMDB
Loxiol ep 278HMDB
Lunac p 95HMDB
Lunac p 95KCHMDB
Lunac p 98HMDB
PalmitoateHMDB
Palmitoic acidHMDB
PAMHMDB
PLMHMDB
Prifac 2960HMDB
Prifrac 2960HMDB
Pristerene 4934HMDB
Univol u332HMDB
Acid, hexadecanoicHMDB
Acid, palmiticHMDB
FA(16:0)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC16H32O2
Average Mass256.4241 Da
Monoisotopic Mass256.24023 Da
IUPAC Namehexadecanoic acid
Traditional Namepalmitic acid
CAS Registry Number57-10-3
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C16H32O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16(17)18/h2-15H2,1H3,(H,17,18)
InChI KeyIPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Experimental Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor EmailDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, CDCl3, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, CDCl3, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Predicted Spectra
Not Available
Chemical Shift Submissions
Not Available
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Abelmoschus esculentusFooDB
Abies pinsapoLOTUS Database
Abramis bramaFooDB
Abrus precatoriusLOTUS Database
Abutilon indicumPlant
Abutilon ramosumLOTUS Database
Acacia polyacanthaLOTUS Database
Acacia x cedilloiLOTUS Database
Acanthochlamys bracteataLOTUS Database
Acanthophora spiciferaLOTUS Database
Acca sellowianaKNApSAcK Database
Achillea fragrantissimaLOTUS Database
Achyranthes asperaLOTUS Database
Acinos alpinusLOTUS Database
AcipenseridaeFooDB
Aconitum japonicumLOTUS Database
Acorus calamusLOTUS Database
Acorus calanus L.KNApSAcK Database
Actinidia chinensisFooDB
Aegle marmelosPlant
Aesculus hippocastanumLOTUS Database
Aesculus hippocastanum L.KNApSAcK Database
Agaricus bisporusFooDB
AgaveFooDB
Agave americanaLOTUS Database
Agave decipiensLOTUS Database
Agelas coniferaLOTUS Database
Ageratum conyzoidesLOTUS Database
Ailanthus altissimaKNApSAcK Database
Ailanthus altissimusPlant
Aleurites moluccanaKNApSAcK Database
Aleurites moluccanusPlant
Aleurites montanaKNApSAcK Database
Allium ampeloprasumFooDB
Allium ascalonicumFooDB
Allium cepaFooDB
Allium cepa L.FooDB
Allium fistulosumFooDB
Allium hirtifoliumPlant
Allium obliquumLOTUS Database
Allium sativumFooDB
Allium schoenoprasumFooDB
Allium tuberosumFooDB
Aloysia triphyllaFooDB
Alstonia scholarisLOTUS Database
Althaea officinalisLOTUS Database
AmaranthusFooDB
Amaranthus caudatusLOTUS Database
Amaranthus paniculatusLOTUS Database
Amaranthus retroflexusLOTUS Database
Amaranthus tricolorLOTUS Database
Amelanchier alnifoliaFooDB
Anacardium occidentaleFooDB
Ananas comosusFooDB
Anarhichas lupusFooDB
Anas platyrhynchosFooDB
AnatidaeFooDB
Anethum foeniculumPlant
Anethum graveolensFooDB
Angelica archangelicaLOTUS Database
Angelica keiskeiFooDB
Angelica pubescensLOTUS Database
Angelica sinensisLOTUS Database
AnguilliformesFooDB
Anisomeles indicaKNApSAcK Database
Anisophyllea laurinaLOTUS Database
Annona cherimolaFooDB
Annona macroprophyllataLOTUS Database
Annona muricataFooDB
Annona reticulataFooDB
Annona squamosaFooDB
Anser anserFooDB
Anthemis aciphyllaLOTUS Database
Anthemis aciphylla BOISS.var.discoidea BOISSKNApSAcK Database
Anthriscus cerefoliumFooDB
Antirrhinum majusLOTUS Database
Aphanamixis polystachyaLOTUS Database
Apios americanaLOTUS Database
Apium graveolensFooDB
Apium graveolens var. dulceFooDB
Apium graveolens var. rapaceumFooDB
Apium graveolens var. secalinumFooDB
Aplysina fistularisLOTUS Database
Arabidopsis thalianaKNApSAcK Database
Arachis hypogaeaFooDB
Aralia decaisneanaLOTUS Database
Arbacia punctulataLOTUS Database
Arctium lappaFooDB
Areca catechuLOTUS Database
Arisaema tortuosumLOTUS Database
Armoracia rusticanaFooDB
Arnica montanaLOTUS Database
Artemisia anomalaLOTUS Database
Artemisia dracunculusFooDB
Artemisia monospermaLOTUS Database
Artemisia vulgarisFooDB
Artocarpus altilisFooDB
Artocarpus heterophyllusFooDB
Asclepias speciosaLOTUS Database
Asclepias syriacaLOTUS Database
Asparagus adscendensLOTUS Database
Asparagus officinalisFooDB
AstacideaFooDB
Aster scaberLOTUS Database
Astragalus hamosusLOTUS Database
Atractylodes lanceaLOTUS Database
Attalea colendaLOTUS Database
Attalea speciosaFooDB
Auricularia auricula-judaeFooDB
Auricularia polytrichaFooDB
Avena sativa L.FooDB
Averrhoa carambolaKNApSAcK Database
Azadirachta indicaLOTUS Database
Azima tetracanthaLOTUS Database
Balanophora harlandiiLOTUS Database
Balanophora indicaLOTUS Database
Basella albaFooDB
Bauhinia purpureaLOTUS Database
Bauhinia tomentosaKNApSAcK Database
Bellis perennisLOTUS Database
Belone beloneFooDB
Benincasa hispidaFooDB
Bergera koenegii-
Bertholletia excelsaFooDB
Beta vulgarisFooDB
Beta vulgaris ssp. ciclaFooDB
Bison bisonFooDB
Bocconia frutescensLOTUS Database
Boehmeria holosericeaKNApSAcK Database
Boehmeria tricuspisKNApSAcK Database
Boerhavia diffusaLOTUS Database
Bombax ceibaLOTUS Database
Borago officinalisFooDB
Bos taurusFooDB
Bos taurus X Bison bisonFooDB
Botryocladia leptopodaLOTUS Database
BrachyuraFooDB
Brassica alboglabraFooDB
Brassica hirtaKNApSAcK Database
Brassica junceaFooDB
Brassica napusFooDB
Brassica napus var. napusFooDB
Brassica oleraceaFooDB
Brassica oleracea var. botrytisFooDB
Brassica oleracea var. capitataFooDB
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaFooDB
Brassica oleracea var. gongylodesFooDB
Brassica oleracea var. italicaKNApSAcK Database
Brassica oleracea var. sabaudaFooDB
Brassica oleracea var. viridisFooDB
Brassica rapaFooDB
Brassica rapa ssp. chinensisFooDB
Brassica rapa var. pekinensisFooDB
Brassica rapa var. rapaFooDB
Brassica ruvoFooDB
Bredemeyera brevifoliaLOTUS Database
Bridelia ferrugineaLOTUS Database
Brosimum alicastrumFooDB
Brunfelsia americanaLOTUS Database
Bryonia albaLOTUS Database
Bubalus bubalisFooDB
Byrsonima crassifoliaFooDB
Cachrys siculaLOTUS Database
Cajanus cajanFooDB
Callyspongia fallaxLOTUS Database
Calophyllum calabaKNApSAcK Database
Calophyllum inophyllumKNApSAcK Database
Camellia sinensisLOTUS Database
Canarium albumLOTUS Database
Canarium ovatumFooDB
Canavalia ensiformisLOTUS Database
Cancer magisterFooDB
Cannabis sativaCannabisDB
      Not Available
Cantharellus cibariusFooDB
Capparis spinosaFooDB
Capra aegagrus hircusFooDB
Capsicum annuumFooDB
Capsicum annuum L.FooDB
Capsicum annuum var. annuumFooDB
Capsicum chinenseFooDB
Capsicum pubescensFooDB
Carica papayaKNApSAcK Database
Carica papaya L.FooDB
CarideaFooDB
Carissa macrocarpaFooDB
Carlina acaulisLOTUS Database
Carthamus tinctoriusFooDB
Carum carviFooDB
CaryaFooDB
Carya illinoinensisFooDB
Cassia absuPlant
Cassia fistulaLOTUS Database
CastaneaFooDB
Castanea crenataFooDB
Castanea mollissimaFooDB
Castanea sativaFooDB
Catharanthus roseusLOTUS Database
Cecropia pachystachyaLOTUS Database
Cedrus libaniLOTUS Database
Celastrus hypoleucusLOTUS Database
Celastrus paniculataLOTUS Database
Celosia argenteaLOTUS Database
Centaurea asperaLOTUS Database
Ceratonia siliquaFooDB
Cervicornia cuspidiferaLOTUS Database
CervidaeFooDB
Cervus canadensisFooDB
Chamaemalum nobile-
Chamaemelum nobileFooDB
Chamerion angustifoliumFooDB
Chenopodium albumFooDB
Chenopodium quinoaFooDB
Chionoecetes opilioFooDB
Chlamydomonas reinhardtiiLOTUS Database
Chromolaena odorataLOTUS Database
Chrysanthemum coronariumFooDB
Cicer arietinumFooDB
CichlidaeFooDB
Cichorium endiviaFooDB
Cichorium intybusFooDB
CinnamomumFooDB
Cinnamomum aromaticumFooDB
Cinnamomum kotoenseLOTUS Database
Cinnamomum macrostemonLOTUS Database
Cinnamomum parthenoxylonLOTUS Database
Cinnamomum subaveniumPlant
Cinnamomum subavenium MIQ.KNApSAcK Database
Cinnamomum tenuifoliumKNApSAcK Database
Cinnamomum verumFooDB
CirsiumFooDB
Cirsium arvenseLOTUS Database
Cirsium palustreLOTUS Database
Cistanche salsaLOTUS Database
Cistus creticusKNApSAcK Database
Cistus incanusLOTUS Database
Citrullus colocynthisPlant
Citrullus lanatusFooDB
Citrus ×limon (L.) Burm. f. (pro sp.)FooDB
Citrus aurantiifoliaFooDB
Citrus latifoliaFooDB
Citrus limonFooDB
Citrus maximaFooDB
Citrus paradisiFooDB
Citrus reticulataFooDB
Citrus sinensisKNApSAcK Database
Citrus X sinensis (L.) Osbeck (pro. sp.)FooDB
Cleistanthus collinusLOTUS Database
Clematis vitalbaLOTUS Database
Cleome amblyocarpaLOTUS Database
Clerodendrum colebrookianumLOTUS Database
Clinopodium acinosLOTUS Database
Clinopodium troodiLOTUS Database
Clitoria ternataKNApSAcK Database
Clitoria ternateaLOTUS Database
ClupeinaeFooDB
Coccinella septempunctataLOTUS Database
Cocos nuciferaFooDB
Coffea arabica L.FooDB
Coffea canephoraFooDB
Coix lacryma-jobiLOTUS Database
Colocasia esculentaFooDB
ColumbaFooDB
ColumbidaeFooDB
Consolida regalisLOTUS Database
Corchorus aestuansLOTUS Database
Corchorus olitoriusFooDB
Cordia sinensisLOTUS Database
CoregonusFooDB
Coriandrum sativumLOTUS Database
Coriandrum sativum L.FooDB
CorylusFooDB
Corylus avellanaFooDB
Corylus chinensisLOTUS Database
Crassostrea gigasFooDB
Crassostrea virginicaFooDB
Crateva religiosaFooDB
Crinum amabileLOTUS Database
Crocus sativusFooDB
Crotalaria pallidaLOTUS Database
Crotalaria retusaLOTUS Database
Croton malamboLOTUS Database
Croton penduliflorusLOTUS Database
Cryptolepis buchananiiLOTUS Database
Cryptomeria japonicaLOTUS Database
Cryptostegia grandifloraLOTUS Database
Cucumis meloFooDB
Cucumis metuliferusFooDB
Cucumis sativusLOTUS Database
Cucumis sativus L.FooDB
CucurbitaFooDB
Cucurbita foetidissimaLOTUS Database
Cucurbita maximaFooDB
Cucurbita moschataFooDB
Cucurbita pepoLOTUS Database
Cuminum cyminumFooDB
Curcuma longaPlant
Curcuma manggaKNApSAcK Database
Curcuma pierreanaLOTUS Database
Curcurbita pepo L.-
Cuscuta campestrisLOTUS Database
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLOTUS Database
Cyathea lepiferaLOTUS Database
CyclopteridaeFooDB
Cydonia oblongaFooDB
Cymbopogon citratusFooDB
Cynara cardunculusFooDB
Cynara scolymusFooDB
Cynara sibthorpianaLOTUS Database
Cyperus conglomeratusLOTUS Database
Cystoclonium purpureumLOTUS Database
Dactylanthus tayloriiLOTUS Database
Dalbergia lanceolariaLOTUS Database
Daphne odoraLOTUS Database
Daphnia magnaLOTUS Database
Datura stramoniumLOTUS Database
Daucus carotaFooDB
Daucus carota ssp. sativusFooDB
Delonix regiaLOTUS Database
Diascia cordataKNApSAcK Database
Diascia integerrimaKNApSAcK Database
Diascia megathuraKNApSAcK Database
Diascia purpureaKNApSAcK Database
Diascia vigilisKNApSAcK Database
Dicliptera roxburghianaLOTUS Database
Dictamnus albusLOTUS Database
Dimocarpus longanFooDB
Dinemasporium strigosumLOTUS Database
DioscoreaFooDB
Dioscorea oppositaKNApSAcK Database
Dioscorea oppositifoliaLOTUS Database
Dioscorea pentaphyllaFooDB
Dioscorea polystachyaLOTUS Database
DiospyrosFooDB
Diospyros kakiFooDB
Diospyros virginianaFooDB
Diplotaxis harraLOTUS Database
Dipteryx lacuniferaLOTUS Database
Dipteryx odorataLOTUS Database
Dracaena manniiLOTUS Database
Dromaius novaehollandiaeFooDB
Drymaria cordataKNApSAcK Database
Dryopteris aitonianaLOTUS Database
Dryopteris filix-masLOTUS Database
Drypetes roxburghiiLOTUS Database
Duhaldea cappaLOTUS Database
Durio zibethinusFooDB
Dysphania ambrosioidesFooDB
Echinophora tournefortiiLOTUS Database
Echinops talassicusLOTUS Database
Elaeagnus angustifoliaLOTUS Database
ElaeisFooDB
Elaeis guineensisLOTUS Database
Eleocharis dulcisFooDB
Elettaria cardamomumFooDB
Eleutherococcus trifoliatusLOTUS Database
Emilia sonchifoliaLOTUS Database
Empetrum nigrumFooDB
Endarachne binghamiaeLOTUS Database
EngraulidaeFooDB
Epilobium parviflorumLOTUS Database
Equilabium molleLOTUS Database
Equisetum arvenseLOTUS Database
Equus caballusFooDB
Eragrostis tefFooDB
Eremophila desertiLOTUS Database
Erigeron caucasicusLOTUS Database
Erigeron philadelphicusLOTUS Database
Eriobotrya japonicaFooDB
Eruca vesicaria subsp. SativaFooDB
Erylus formosusLOTUS Database
Erythrina suberosaLOTUS Database
Esox luciusFooDB
EucheumaFooDB
Eugenia javanicaFooDB
Eugenia unifloraFooDB
Euphausia superbaLOTUS Database
Euphorbia glareosaLOTUS Database
Euphorbia humifusaLOTUS Database
Euphorbia miliiLOTUS Database
Euphorbia tithymaloidesLOTUS Database
Eurhynchium striatumLOTUS Database
Eutrema japonicumFooDB
Fagopyrum esculentumFooDB
Fagopyrum tataricumFooDB
FagusFooDB
Feijoa sellowianaPlant
Fernandoa adenophyllaLOTUS Database
Ficus caricaFooDB
Flammulina velutipesFooDB
Foeniculum vulgareKNApSAcK Database
Forsythia suspensaLOTUS Database
Fragaria x ananassaFooDB
Fritillaria hupehensisLOTUS Database
Fritillaria monanthaLOTUS Database
Frullania monoceraKNApSAcK Database
Frullania solanderianaKNApSAcK Database
Fumaria vaillantiiLOTUS Database
GadiformesFooDB
GadusFooDB
Gallus gallusFooDB
Ganoderma applanatumLOTUS Database
Ganoderma australeLOTUS Database
Garcinia dulcisLOTUS Database
Garcinia mangostanaFooDB
Gardenia resiniferaLOTUS Database
Gastrodia elataLOTUS Database
GastropodaFooDB
Gaultheria borneensisLOTUS Database
Gaylussacia baccataFooDB
Geodia japonicaLOTUS Database
Ginkgo bilobaFooDB
Giraffa camelopardalisLOTUS Database
Gladiolus italicusLOTUS Database
Gleditsia triacanthosLOTUS Database
Gloriosa superbaLOTUS Database
Glycine maxFooDB
Glycyrrhiza glabraLOTUS Database
Gnetum eduleLOTUS Database
GossypiumFooDB
Gossypium hirsutumLOTUS Database
Gremmeniella abietinaLOTUS Database
Grifola frondosaFooDB
Gryllotalpa orientalisLOTUS Database
Gustavia longifoliaLOTUS Database
Gymnodinium nagasakienseLOTUS Database
Gymnopilus spectabilisLOTUS Database
Gynura japonicaLOTUS Database
Halimodendron halodendronLOTUS Database
Hamamelis virginianaLOTUS Database
Haplophyllum acutifoliumKNApSAcK Database
Hedysarum alpinumFooDB
Helianthus annuus L.FooDB
Helianthus tuberosusFooDB
Hemidesmus indicusLOTUS Database
Henriettea fascicularisPlant
Henriettella fascicularisKNApSAcK Database
Hibiscus cannabinusLOTUS Database
Hibiscus sabbariffaFooDB
Hibiscus sabdariffaLOTUS Database
Hibiscus syriacusLOTUS Database
HippoglossusFooDB
Hippoglossus hippoglossusFooDB
Hippomane mancinellaLOTUS Database
Hippophae rhamnoidesFooDB
Hirschfeldia incanaLOTUS Database
Holotrichia diomphaliaLOTUS Database
Hoplostethus atlanticusFooDB
Hordeum vulgareFooDB
Houttuynia cordataPlant
Houttuynia cordata Thunb.KNApSAcK Database
Hoya bellaLOTUS Database
Humulus lupulusLOTUS Database
Hydrangea chinensisKNApSAcK Database
Hyoscyamus muticusLOTUS Database
Hypera melesLOTUS Database
Hypericum perforatumLOTUS Database
Hyssopus officinalis L.FooDB
Ictalurus punctatusFooDB
Illicium verumFooDB
Inula grandisLOTUS Database
Inula heleniumLOTUS Database
Ipomoea aquaticaFooDB
Ipomoea batatasFooDB
Isatis tinctoriaKNApSAcK Database
Isodon nervosusLOTUS Database
Isodon serraLOTUS Database
Ixeris japonicaLOTUS Database
Jacobaea arnautorumLOTUS Database
Jasminum auriculatumKNApSAcK Database
Jasminum azoricum L.LOTUS Database
Jatropha curcasLOTUS Database
Jatropha curcusKNApSAcK Database
Jatropha gossypifoliaLOTUS Database
Jodina rhombifoliaLOTUS Database
JuglansFooDB
Juglans ailanthifoliaFooDB
Juglans cinereaFooDB
Juglans nigra L.FooDB
Juglans regiaFooDB
Juniperus brevifoliaLOTUS Database
Justicia heterocarpaLOTUS Database
Justicia heterocarpa T.ANDERSKNApSAcK Database
Katsuwonus pelamisFooDB
Kigelia africanaLOTUS Database
Lablab purpureusFooDB
Lactarius deliciosusLOTUS Database
Lactarius deterrimusLOTUS Database
Lactuca saligna L.LOTUS Database
Lactuca sativaFooDB
Lactuca serriolaLOTUS Database
Lagenaria brevifloraLOTUS Database
Lagenaria sicerariaFooDB
Lagerstroemia speciosaLOTUS Database
Lagerstroemia thomsonilKNApSAcK Database
Lagopus mutaFooDB
Laminaria japonicaKNApSAcK Database
Lantana camaraKNApSAcK Database
Lantana strigocamaraLOTUS Database
Lantana ukambensisLOTUS Database
Larix gmeliniLOTUS Database
Lathraea squamariaLOTUS Database
Lathyrus sativusFooDB
Laurencia aldingensis-
Laurencia dendroideaLOTUS Database
Laurus nobilis L.FooDB
Lavandula canariensisLOTUS Database
Lens culinarisFooDB
Lentinus edodesFooDB
Lepidaploa myriocephalaLOTUS Database
Lepidium meyeniiLOTUS Database
Lepidium sativumFooDB
Lepidozia faurianaLOTUS Database
Lepomis gibbosusFooDB
LeporidaeFooDB
Leptolyngbya tenuisLOTUS Database
Lepus timidusFooDB
Lessertia frutescensLOTUS Database
Leucosceptrum canumLOTUS Database
Levisticum officinaleFooDB
Ligularia nanchuanicaLOTUS Database
Ligusticum chuanxiongLOTUS Database
Ligustrum lucidumLOTUS Database
Lilium longiflorumLOTUS Database
Limanda limandaFooDB
Lindera neesianaLOTUS Database
Linum usitatissimumFooDB
Lippia origanoidesLOTUS Database
Litchi chinensisFooDB
Litsea acutivenaLOTUS Database
Lobelia chinensisLOTUS Database
Lobophytum crassumLOTUS Database
Lota lotaFooDB
Lotus corniculatusLOTUS Database
Lotus uliginosusLOTUS Database
Loxocalyx urticifoliusLOTUS Database
Luffa aegyptiacaFooDB
Lumbricus terrestrisLOTUS Database
LupinusFooDB
Lupinus albusKNApSAcK Database
Lupinus angustifoliusLOTUS Database
Lysimachia fordianaLOTUS Database
Lysimachia heterogeneaLOTUS Database
Lysimachia patungensisLOTUS Database
Maackia amurensisLOTUS Database
MacadamiaFooDB
Macadamia integrifoliaLOTUS Database
Macadamia tetraphyllaFooDB
Maclura pomiferaLOTUS Database
Malpighia emarginataFooDB
MalusFooDB
Malus domesticaLOTUS Database
Malus pumilaFooDB
Malva sylvestrisLOTUS Database
Malvaviscus arboreusLOTUS Database
Mammea americanaFooDB
Mandragora autumnalisKNApSAcK Database
Mandragora officinarumLOTUS Database
Mangifera indicaKNApSAcK Database
Manihot esculentaFooDB
Manilkara bidentataLOTUS Database
Manilkara zapotaFooDB
Maranta arundinaceaFooDB
Marrubium parviflorumLOTUS Database
Matricaria chamomillaKNApSAcK Database
Matricaria recutitaFooDB
Matteuccia struthiopterisFooDB
Medicago sativaFooDB
Melanitta fuscaFooDB
Melanogrammus aeglefinusFooDB
Meleagris gallopavoFooDB
Melissa officinalis L.FooDB
MenthaFooDB
Mentha aquaticaFooDB
Mentha arvensisFooDB
Mentha spicataFooDB
Mentha x piperitaFooDB
Merlangius merlangusFooDB
Mespilus germanicaFooDB
Metroxylon saguFooDB
Michelia albaLOTUS Database
Micromesistius poutassouFooDB
Microstomus kittFooDB
Mikania cordifoliaLOTUS Database
Mitracarpus hirtusLOTUS Database
Molva molvaFooDB
Momordica charantiaFooDB
Monteverdia ilicifoliaLOTUS Database
MorchellaceaeFooDB
Morella rubraFooDB
Morina persicaLOTUS Database
Moringa oleiferaFooDB
Mortierella hygrophilaLOTUS Database
MorusFooDB
Morus nigraFooDB
Mosla cavalerieiLOTUS Database
Mucuna puriensPlant
Murraya paniculataKNApSAcK Database
Musa acuminataFooDB
Musa paradisiacaLOTUS Database
Musa x paradisiacaFooDB
Mycale laevisLOTUS Database
Mycoplasmopsis bovisLOTUS Database
MyricaFooDB
Myrica galeLOTUS Database
Myristica fragransFooDB
Myrmekioderma reaLOTUS Database
MytilidaeFooDB
Nanodea muscosaLOTUS Database
Narthecium ossifragumLOTUS Database
NelumboFooDB
Nelumbo luteaLOTUS Database
Nelumbo nuciferaFooDB
Nepeta catariaLOTUS Database
Nephelium lappaceumFooDB
NephropidaeFooDB
Nephrops norvegicusFooDB
Nervilia aragoanaLOTUS Database
Nicotiana tabacumLOTUS Database
Nigella sativaLOTUS Database
Numida meleagrisFooDB
Nuphar luteaFooDB
Nymphaea albaKNApSAcK Database
Ocimum basilicumFooDB
Octopus vulgarisFooDB
OdocoileusFooDB
Oenothera biennisFooDB
Olea europaeaFooDB
Oleandra wallichiiLOTUS Database
Oncorhynchus gorbuschaFooDB
Oncorhynchus ketaFooDB
Oncorhynchus kisutchFooDB
Oncorhynchus mykissFooDB
Oncorhynchus nerkaFooDB
Oncorhynchus tshawytschaFooDB
Ononis natrixLOTUS Database
OpuntiaFooDB
Opuntia cochenilliferaFooDB
Opuntia macrorhizaFooDB
Origanum majoranaFooDB
Origanum onitesFooDB
Origanum vulgareFooDB
Origanum X majoricumFooDB
OryctolagusFooDB
Oryza rufipogonFooDB
Oryza sativaFooDB
Oryza sativa cv. HeugjinjubyeoKNApSAcK Database
OsmeridaeFooDB
Osmunda japonicaLOTUS Database
Ovis ariesFooDB
Pachyrhizus erosusFooDB
Paeonia lactifloraLOTUS Database
PalinuridaeFooDB
Pallavicinia subciliataLOTUS Database
Panax ginsengKNApSAcK Database
Panax pseudoginsengLOTUS Database
Panax quinquefoliusLOTUS Database
Pandanus conoideusLOTUS Database
Pangium eduleFooDB
Panicum miliaceumFooDB
PapaverFooDB
Papaver bracteatumLOTUS Database
Parinari montanaLOTUS Database
Paris polyphyllaLOTUS Database
Passiflora edulisFooDB
Passiflora incarnataLOTUS Database
Pastinaca sativaFooDB
Patrinia villosaLOTUS Database
PectinidaeFooDB
Pediomelum esculentumFooDB
Pelargonium endlicherianumLOTUS Database
Pentanisia prunelloidesLOTUS Database
PerciformesFooDB
Perideridia oreganaFooDB
Periploca sepiumLOTUS Database
Persea americanaFooDB
Petasites albusKNApSAcK Database
Petasites japonicusFooDB
Petiveria alliaceaLOTUS Database
Petroselinum crispumFooDB
Phagnalon sordidumKNApSAcK Database
Phaseolus coccineusFooDB
Phaseolus lunatusFooDB
Phaseolus vulgarisFooDB
PhasianidaeFooDB
Phasianus colchicusFooDB
Phellinus pomaceusLOTUS Database
Phoenix dactyliferaFooDB
Photinia melanocarpaFooDB
Phyllostachys edulisFooDB
PhysalisFooDB
Physalis philadelphica var. immaculataFooDB
Phytelephas aequatorialisLOTUS Database
Phytolacca americanaFooDB
Pimenta dioicaFooDB
Pimpinella anisumFooDB
Pinellia pedatisectaKNApSAcK Database
PinusFooDB
Pinus edulisFooDB
Pinus pinasterLOTUS Database
Pinus pumilaLOTUS Database
Pinus radiataLOTUS Database
Pinus resinosaLOTUS Database
Pinus sibiricaKNApSAcK Database
Piper auritumLOTUS Database
Piper nigrumLOTUS Database
Piper nigrum L.FooDB
Piper obliquumKNApSAcK Database
Piper ribesioidesLOTUS Database
Pistacia veraFooDB
Pisum sativumFooDB
Pithecellobium dulceLOTUS Database
Plagiochila elegansLOTUS Database
Plagiochila porelloidesLOTUS Database
Plantago ovataLOTUS Database
Platycladus orientalisLOTUS Database
Platycodon grandiflorusLOTUS Database
Pleopeltis polypodioidesLOTUS Database
PleuronectidaeFooDB
PleuronectiformesFooDB
Pleurotus ostreatusFooDB
PollachiusFooDB
Polygala senegaLOTUS Database
Polygonum alpinumFooDB
Polygonum maritimumLOTUS Database
Polygonum minusKNApSAcK Database
Pongamia pinnataLOTUS Database
Populus tremulaLOTUS Database
Populus tremuloidesLOTUS Database
Portulaca oleraceaFooDB
Pouteria sapotaFooDB
Proiphys amboinensisLOTUS Database
Prunus africanaLOTUS Database
Prunus armeniacaFooDB
Prunus aviumKNApSAcK Database
Prunus avium L.FooDB
Prunus cerasusFooDB
Prunus domesticaFooDB
Prunus dulcisFooDB
Prunus laurocerasusLOTUS Database
Prunus persicaFooDB
Prunus persica var. nucipersicaFooDB
Prunus persica var. persicaFooDB
Prunus tomentosaFooDB
Prunus virginianaFooDB
Pseudo-nitzschia multistriataLOTUS Database
Pseudostellaria heterophyllaLOTUS Database
Psidium cattleianumFooDB
Psidium guajavaFooDB
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusFooDB
Pterodon emarginatusLOTUS Database
Punica granatumKNApSAcK Database
Pyrus communisFooDB
Pyrus pyrifoliaFooDB
QuercusFooDB
Rabdosia amethystoidesLOTUS Database
RanidaeFooDB
Ranunculus silerifoliusLOTUS Database
Raphanus sativusFooDB
Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatusFooDB
Raphanus sativus var. sativusFooDB
Rauvolfia vomitoriaLOTUS Database
Reinhardtius hippoglossoidesFooDB
Rhaponticum carthamoidesKNApSAcK Database
Rheum rhabarbarumFooDB
Rhodiola roseaPlant
Rhodiola rosea L.KNApSAcK Database
Rhododendron sichotenseLOTUS Database
Rhodotorula glutinisLOTUS Database
Ribes aureumFooDB
Ribes glandulosumFooDB
Ribes nigrumFooDB
Ribes rubrumFooDB
Ribes uva-crispaFooDB
RosaFooDB
Rosa platyacanthaLOTUS Database
Rubus arcticusFooDB
Rubus chamaemorusFooDB
Rubus idaeusFooDB
Rubus occidentalisFooDB
Rubus spectabilisFooDB
RumexFooDB
Rumex acetosaFooDB
Rumex articusFooDB
Saccharina japonicaFooDB
Sagittaria latifoliaFooDB
Salix pulchraFooDB
Salmo salarFooDB
Salmonella entericaLOTUS Database
SalmonidaeFooDB
Salpa thompsoniLOTUS Database
Salsola collinaLOTUS Database
SalvelinusFooDB
Salvelinus namaycushFooDB
Salvia elegansFooDB
Salvia fruticosaLOTUS Database
Salvia hispanicaFooDB
Salvia officinalisFooDB
Salvia rosmarinusFooDB
Salvia syriacaLOTUS Database
Sambucus nigraFooDB
Sambucus nigra L.FooDB
Sander luciopercaFooDB
Santalum albumKNApSAcK Database
Satureja hortensis L.FooDB
Satureja montanaFooDB
Sauromatum giganteumLOTUS Database
Saussurea involucrataLOTUS Database
Saussurea medusaLOTUS Database
Saxifraga stoloniferaLOTUS Database
Saxifraga stolonifera Meerb.KNApSAcK Database
Scaevola spinescensLOTUS Database
Scleroderma polyrhizumLOTUS Database
Scolochloa festucaceaLOTUS Database
Scomber japonicusLOTUS Database
ScombridaeFooDB
Scophthalmus maximusFooDB
Scorzonera hispanicaFooDB
Scrophularia nodosaLOTUS Database
Scrophularia rubricaulisLOTUS Database
Scutellaria baicalensisLOTUS Database
Scutellaria laterifloraLOTUS Database
Scytosiphon lomentariaLOTUS Database
Sebastes alutusFooDB
Sebastes viviparusFooDB
Sebastiana sebiferum-
Secale cerealeFooDB
Sechium eduleFooDB
Senecio vulgarisKNApSAcK Database
Senna alataPlant
Senna alexandrinaLOTUS Database
Senna didymobotryaLOTUS Database
Senna villosaLOTUS Database
SepiidaeFooDB
Serenoa repensLOTUS Database
Sesamum indicumFooDB
Sesbania bispinosaFooDB
Sideritis romanaLOTUS Database
Sideritis tauricaLOTUS Database
SiluriformesFooDB
Silybum marianumKNApSAcK Database
Simicratea welwitschiiLOTUS Database
Sinapis albaFooDB
SisymbriumFooDB
Smilax perfoliataLOTUS Database
Solanum angustifoliumLOTUS Database
Solanum argentinumLOTUS Database
Solanum chacoenseLOTUS Database
Solanum lycopersicumFooDB
Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiformeFooDB
Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicumFooDB
Solanum melongenaFooDB
Solanum quitoenseFooDB
Solanum tuberosumKNApSAcK Database
Sorbus aucupariaFooDB
Sorbus tianschanicaLOTUS Database
Sorghum bicolorFooDB
Spathiphyllum cannifoliumLOTUS Database
Spermacoce pusillaLOTUS Database
Spinacia oleraceaFooDB
Spondias mombinLOTUS Database
Squalus acanthiasFooDB
Stangeria eriopusLOTUS Database
Stellaria dichotomaLOTUS Database
Stenodus leucichthysFooDB
Sterculia tragacanthaLOTUS Database
Stoebe plumosaLOTUS Database
Streptomyces niveiscabieiLOTUS Database
StrombidaeFooDB
Struthio camelusFooDB
Strychnos spinosaLOTUS Database
Stuckenia pectinataLOTUS Database
Suaeda aegyptiacaLOTUS Database
Sus scrofaFooDB
Sus scrofa domesticaFooDB
Syzygium aromaticumFooDB
Syzygium cuminiFooDB
Syzygium jambosFooDB
Talaromyces flavusLOTUS Database
Tamarindus indicaFooDB
Tanacetum macrophyllumKNApSAcK Database
Taraxacum officinaleFooDB
Terminalia chebulaLOTUS Database
Terminalia pallidaLOTUS Database
Tetragonia tetragonioidesFooDB
Teucrium montanumLOTUS Database
Thalictrum simplexLOTUS Database
ThelespermaFooDB
Theobroma cacaoFooDB
Thuidium pristocalyxLOTUS Database
Thuja occidentalisLOTUS Database
ThunnusFooDB
Thunnus albacaresFooDB
Thymus capitatusKNApSAcK Database
Thymus pulegioidesFooDB
Thymus vulgarisFooDB
Tilesia baccataLOTUS Database
Tilia cordataPlant
Tilia cordata Mill.KNApSAcK Database
Tilia L.FooDB
Tilia tomentosaLOTUS Database
Tipuana tipuKNApSAcK Database
Toona sinensisLOTUS Database
Tradescantia virginianaLOTUS Database
Tragopogon porrifoliusFooDB
Treculia africanaLOTUS Database
Trichodesma zeylanicumLOTUS Database
Trichosanthes cucumeroidesLOTUS Database
Trichosanthes kirilowiiLOTUS Database
Trichosanthes nervifoliaLOTUS Database
Trichosanthes tricuspidataLOTUS Database
Trifolium pratensePlant
Trigonella foenum-graecumFooDB
Tripneustes ventricosusLOTUS Database
Tripterygium wilfordiiLOTUS Database
Trisopterus esmarkiiFooDB
TriticumFooDB
Triticum aestivumKNApSAcK Database
Triticum durumFooDB
Triticum speltaFooDB
Triticum turanicumFooDB
Triticum turgidumLOTUS Database
Tritrichomonas suisLOTUS Database
Turnera diffusaPlant
Turnera ulmifoliaLOTUS Database
Typha angustifoliaFooDB
Ulva lactucaLOTUS Database
VacciniumFooDB
Vaccinium angustifoliumFooDB
Vaccinium angustifolium X Vaccinium corymbosumFooDB
Vaccinium arboreumFooDB
Vaccinium corymbosumFooDB
Vaccinium deliciosumFooDB
Vaccinium elliottiiFooDB
Vaccinium macrocarponFooDB
Vaccinium myrtilloidesFooDB
Vaccinium myrtillusFooDB
Vaccinium ovalifoliumFooDB
Vaccinium ovatumFooDB
Vaccinium oxycoccosFooDB
Vaccinium parvifoliumFooDB
Vaccinium reticulatumFooDB
Vaccinium stamineumFooDB
Vaccinium uliginosumFooDB
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFooDB
Vachellia constrictaLOTUS Database
Vachellia niloticaLOTUS Database
Valeriana officinalisLOTUS Database
Valerianella locustaFooDB
VanillaFooDB
Ventilago denticulataLOTUS Database
Verbena officinalisFooDB
Viburnum eduleFooDB
Viburnum opulusLOTUS Database
Vicia fabaFooDB
Vigna aconitifoliaFooDB
Vigna angularisFooDB
Vigna mungoFooDB
Vigna radiataFooDB
Vigna subterraneaLOTUS Database
Vigna umbellataFooDB
Vigna unguiculataFooDB
Vigna unguiculata ssp. cylindricaFooDB
Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculataFooDB
Vigna unguiculata var. sesquipedalisFooDB
Virola surinamensisFooDB
Vitellaria paradoxaFooDB
VitisFooDB
Vitis aestivalisFooDB
Vitis labruscaFooDB
Vitis rotundifoliaFooDB
Vitis viniferaLOTUS Database
Vitis vinifera L.FooDB
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumFooDB
Xestospongia mutaLOTUS Database
Zanthoxylum bungeanumLOTUS Database
Zanthoxylum gilletiiLOTUS Database
Zea maysLOTUS Database
Zea mays L.FooDB
Zingiber officinaleFooDB
ZizaniaFooDB
Zizania aquaticaFooDB
Ziziphus zizyphusFooDB
Species Where Detected
Species NameSourceReference
Homo sapiens (Skin)KNApSAcK Database
Sargassum crassifolium J.AsgardhKNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 13 and 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point61.8 °CNot Available
Boiling Point204.00 to 220.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm HgThe Good Scents Company Information System
Water Solubility4.0e-05 mg/mLNot Available
LogP7.17Sangster, J. (1993). LOGKOW- a Databank of Evaluated Octanol-Water Partition Coefficients. Sangster Research Laboratories, Montreal.
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00041 g/LALOGPS
logP7.23ALOGPS
logP6.26ChemAxon
logS-5.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count14ChemAxon
Refractivity77.08 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability34.36 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0000220
DrugBank IDDB03796
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB031084
KNApSAcK IDC00001233
Chemspider ID960
KEGG Compound IDC00249
BioCyc IDPALMITATE
BiGG ID34386
Wikipedia LinkPalmitic_acid
METLIN ID187
PubChem Compound985
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15756
Good Scents IDrw1009101
References
General References
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  9. Mesiha MS, Ponnapula S, Plakogiannis F: Oral absorption of insulin encapsulated in artificial chyles of bile salts, palmitic acid and alpha-tocopherol dispersions. Int J Pharm. 2002 Dec 5;249(1-2):1-5. [PubMed:12433429 ]
  10. Dubinin DM, Naidina VP, Zaloguev SN: [Evaluation of human skin function in a sealed room by a chromatographic method]. Kosm Biol Aviakosm Med. 1985 Nov-Dec;19(6):69-73. [PubMed:2868151 ]
  11. Okun JG, Kolker S, Schulze A, Kohlmuller D, Olgemoller K, Lindner M, Hoffmann GF, Wanders RJ, Mayatepek E: A method for quantitative acylcarnitine profiling in human skin fibroblasts using unlabelled palmitic acid: diagnosis of fatty acid oxidation disorders and differentiation between biochemical phenotypes of MCAD deficiency. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Oct 10;1584(2-3):91-8. [PubMed:12385891 ]
  12. Otsuki T, Oku M: [A study on the effect of cortisol and progesterone on cytosolic arachidonic and palmitic acid concentrations in cultured human myometrial cells]. Nihon Sanka Fujinka Gakkai Zasshi. 1995 Jun;47(6):531-8. [PubMed:7608616 ]
  13. Draisey TF, Gagneja GL, Thibert RJ: Pulmonary surfactant and amniotic fluid insulin. Obstet Gynecol. 1977 Aug;50(2):197-9. [PubMed:577607 ]
  14. Florentin E, Athias A, Lagrost L: Modulation of the activity of the human cholesteryl ester transfer protein by carboxylated derivatives. Evidence for 13-cis-retinoic acid as a potent activator of the protein's activity in plasma. Eur J Biochem. 1996 Sep 15;240(3):699-706. [PubMed:8856073 ]
  15. Urien S, Morin D, Tillement JP: Effect of alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, albumin and palmitic acid on the brain and salivary gland extraction of warfarin in rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1989 Feb;248(2):781-5. [PubMed:2918479 ]
  16. Wang J, Zhu F, Pan G: [Diagnosis of chylous ascites with oral administration of 13C-palmitic acid]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi. 1996 Jun;35(6):382-4. [PubMed:9387625 ]
  17. Ip MP, Draisey TF, Thibert RJ, Gagneja GL, Jasey GM: Fetal lung maturity, as assessed by gas-liquid chromatographic determination of phospholipid palmitic acid in amniotic fluid. Clin Chem. 1977 Jan;23(1):35-40. [PubMed:832370 ]
  18. Messner T, Erkstam UB, Gustafsson IB, Nilsson SB, Vessby B: Diet and dietary markers in Kiruna and Uppsala, Sweden--a comparison. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1997 Apr;56(1-2):21-9. [PubMed:9300843 ]
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