Np mrd loader

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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2012-09-11 21:44:31 UTC
Updated at2021-08-19 23:58:02 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000349
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameTetramethylpyrazine
DescriptionTetramethylpyrazine, or 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine, or TMP and also known as FEMA 3237, is an alkylpyrazine and belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrazines. Pyrazines are compounds containing a pyrazine ring, which is a six-member aromatic heterocycle, that consists of two nitrogen atoms (at positions 1 and 4) and four carbon atoms. Tetramethylpyrazine is a moderately basic compound with white crystals that are soluble in alcohol, fixed oils, propylene glycol and water. Its odor is described as nutty, musty and vanilla with dry, brown cocoa nuances and it taste is described as nutty, musty, cocoa, drying, peanut-like with raw coffee notes. Tetramethylpyrazine has been detected in roasted beef, cheddar cheese, dairy products, red and yellow bell peppers (c. Annuum), potato, filberts, boiled egg, coconut endosperm, cocoa products, green tea, tea leaf, soybean products, soybean seed, macadamia nut, peanut, meat, guava fruit, shrimp, rum and whiskey. This could make tetramethylpyrazine a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. It has been used as a perfuming agent in soaps, detergents, toiletries, fabric softeners, bleach, alcoholic beverages, and fine fragrances. Its biosynthesis in Bacillus involves the amination of acetoin, the latter being derived from pyruvate (doi:10.1038/1951103A0). It exhibits potential nootropic (improved executive function PMID:23916742 ) And anti-inflammatory activities against induced cerebral ischemic in rats (PMID:23644042 ).
Structure
Data?1628564079
Synonyms
ValueSource
2,3,5,6,-Tetramethyl-1,4-pyrazineChEBI
2,3,5,6-TetramethylpyrazineChEBI
FEMA 3237ChEBI
FEMA no. 3237ChEBI
LiqustrazineChEBI
TMPChEBI
2356-Tetramethyl-pyrazineHMDB
2356-TetramethylpyrazineHMDB
ChuanxiongzineHMDB
LigustizineHMDB
LigustrazineHMDB
TetramethylpyrazinHMDB
TetrapyrazineHMDB
TMP?HMDB
Tetramethyl pyrazineHMDB
Tetramethylpyrazine hydrochlorideHMDB
TMPZHMDB
Chemical FormulaC8H12N2
Average Mass136.1943 Da
Monoisotopic Mass136.10005 Da
IUPAC Nametetramethylpyrazine
Traditional Namepyrazine, tetramethyl-
CAS Registry Number1124-11-4
SMILES
[H]C([H])([H])C1=NC(=C(N=C1C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])[H]
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C8H12N2/c1-5-6(2)10-8(4)7(3)9-5/h1-4H3
InChI KeyFINHMKGKINIASC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor IDDeposition DateView
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 25 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 252 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 50 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 75 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 101 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 126 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 151 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 176 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 201 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 226 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Ephedra sinicaKNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrazines. Pyrazines are compounds containing a pyrazine ring, which is a six-member aromatic heterocycle, that consists of two nitrogen atoms (at positions 1 and 4) and four carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassDiazines
Sub ClassPyrazines
Direct ParentPyrazines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrazine
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point86 °CNot Available
Boiling Point190.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm HgThe Good Scents Company Information System
Water Solubility7007 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)The Good Scents Company Information System
LogP1.28Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility15 g/LALOGPS
logP1.46ALOGPS
logP0.063ChemAxon
logS-0.96ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)2.19ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area25.78 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity40.11 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability16.02 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0036584
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB015495
KNApSAcK IDC00056171
Chemspider ID13658
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDCPD-15901
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkTetramethylpyrazine
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound14296
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID133246
Good Scents IDrw1009291
References
General References
  1. Zhu XL, Xiong LZ, Wang Q, Liu ZG, Ma X, Zhu ZH, Hu S, Gong G, Chen SY: Therapeutic time window and mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine on transient focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. Neurosci Lett. 2009 Jan 2;449(1):24-7. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2008.09.007. Epub 2008 Sep 6. [PubMed:18790005 ]
  2. Dai XZ, Bache RJ: Coronary and systemic hemodynamic effects of tetramethylpyrazine in the dog. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1985 Sep-Oct;7(5):841-9. [PubMed:2413290 ]
  3. Li M, Handa S, Ikeda Y, Goto S: Specific inhibiting characteristics of tetramethylpyrazine, one of the active ingredients of the Chinese herbal medicine 'Chuanxiong,' on platelet thrombus formation under high shear rates. Thromb Res. 2001 Oct 1;104(1):15-28. [PubMed:11583735 ]
  4. Wu W, Yu X, Luo XP, Yang SH, Zheng D: Tetramethylpyrazine protects against scopolamine-induced memory impairments in rats by reversing the cAMP/PKA/CREB pathway. Behav Brain Res. 2013 Sep 15;253:212-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2013.07.052. Epub 2013 Aug 2. [PubMed:23916742 ]
  5. Kao TK, Chang CY, Ou YC, Chen WY, Kuan YH, Pan HC, Liao SL, Li GZ, Chen CJ: Tetramethylpyrazine reduces cellular inflammatory response following permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Exp Neurol. 2013 Sep;247:188-201. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2013.04.010. Epub 2013 Apr 30. [PubMed:23644042 ]
  6. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .