Np mrd loader

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Record Information
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2020-11-24 22:13:45 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000216
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameInosine triphosphate
DescriptionInosine triphosphate (ITP) is an intermediate in the purine metabolism pathway. Relatively high levels of ITP in red cells are found in individuals as result of deficiency of inosine triphosphatase (EC, ITPase) ITPase is a cytosolic nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase specific for ITP catalysis to inosine monophosphate (IMP) and deoxy-inosine triphosphate (dITP) to deoxy-inosine monophosphate. ITPase deficiency is not associated with any defined pathology other than the characteristic and abnormal accumulation of ITP in red blood cells. Nevertheless, ITPase deficiency may have pharmacogenomic implications, and the abnormal metabolism of 6-mercaptopurine in ITPase-deficient patients may lead to thiopurine drug toxicity. ITPase's function is not clearly understood but possible roles for ITPase could be to prevent the accumulation of rogue nucleotides which would be otherwise incorporated into DNA and RNA, or compete with nucleotides such as GTP in signalling processes. (PMID: 170291 , 1204209 , 17113761 , 17924837 ).
Inosine 5'-triphosphateChEBI
Inosine tripolyphosphateChEBI
2'-Inosine-5'-triphosphoric acidGenerator
Inosine 5'-triphosphoric acidGenerator
Inosine tripolyphosphoric acidGenerator
Inosine triphosphoric acidGenerator
Inosine 5HMDB
Inosine 5'-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate)HMDB
Inosine 5(tetrahydrogen triphosphate)HMDB
Inosine 5-triphopshateHMDB
Triphosphate, inosineHMDB
Inosine triphosphateChEBI
Chemical FormulaC10H15N4O14P3
Average Mass508.1658 Da
Monoisotopic Mass507.97976 Da
IUPAC Name({[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(6-hydroxy-9H-purin-9-yl)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)phosphonic acid
Traditional Name({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(6-hydroxypurin-9-yl)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number132-06-9
InChI Identifier
Experimental Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor EmailDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Predicted Spectra
Not Available
Chemical Shift Submissions
Not Available
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Anas platyrhynchosFooDB
Anser anserFooDB
Bison bisonFooDB
Bos taurusFooDB
Bos taurus X Bison bisonFooDB
Bubalus bubalisFooDB
Capra aegagrus hircusFooDB
Cervus canadensisFooDB
Dromaius novaehollandiaeFooDB
Equus caballusFooDB
Gallus gallusFooDB
Lagopus mutaFooDB
Lepus timidusFooDB
Melanitta fuscaFooDB
Meleagris gallopavoFooDB
Mus musculusLOTUS Database
Numida meleagrisFooDB
Ovis ariesFooDB
Paraburkholderia phymatum-
Phasianus colchicusFooDB
Struthio camelusFooDB
Sus scrofaFooDB
Sus scrofa domesticaFooDB
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside triphosphates. These are purine ribobucleotides with a triphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPurine ribonucleoside triphosphates
Alternative Parents
  • Purine ribonucleoside triphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-oxopurine
  • Hypoxanthine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Pyrimidone
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Monosaccharide
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility903.5 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility4.78 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.91ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count14ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count7ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area273.34 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity93.09 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability38.09 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021902
KNApSAcK IDC00053343
Chemspider ID8265
KEGG Compound IDC00081
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkInosine triphosphate
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound8583
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16039
Good Scents IDNot Available
General References
  1. Lin S, McLennan AG, Ying K, Wang Z, Gu S, Jin H, Wu C, Liu W, Yuan Y, Tang R, Xie Y, Mao Y: Cloning, expression, and characterization of a human inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase encoded by the itpa gene. J Biol Chem. 2001 Jun 1;276(22):18695-701. Epub 2001 Mar 13. [PubMed:11278832 ]
  2. Sumi S, Marinaki AM, Arenas M, Fairbanks L, Shobowale-Bakre M, Rees DC, Thein SL, Ansari A, Sanderson J, De Abreu RA, Simmonds HA, Duley JA: Genetic basis of inosine triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase deficiency. Hum Genet. 2002 Oct;111(4-5):360-7. Epub 2002 Aug 15. [PubMed:12384777 ]
  3. Zachara B, Kopff M: Activity of inosine triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase in fresh and stored human erythrocytes. Haematologia (Budap). 1981;14(3):277-83. [PubMed:6120123 ]
  4. Vormittag W, Brannath W: As to the clastogenic-, sister-chromatid exchange inducing-and cytotoxic activity of inosine triphosphate in cultures of human peripheral lymphocytes. Mutat Res. 2001 May 9;476(1-2):71-81. [PubMed:11336985 ]
  5. Dutta TK, Goel A, Ghotekar LH, Hamide A, Badhe BA, Basu D: Dapsone in treatment of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in adults. J Assoc Physicians India. 2001 Apr;49:421-5. [PubMed:11762611 ]
  6. Soder C, Henderson JF, Zombor G, McCoy EE, Verhoef V, Morris AJ: Relationships between nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase activity and inosine triphosphate accumulation in human erythrocytes. Can J Biochem. 1976 Oct;54(10):843-7. [PubMed:990987 ]
  7. Henderson JF, Zombor G, Fraser JH, McCoy EE, Verhoef V, Morris AJ: Factors affecting inosinate synthesis and inosine triphosphate accumulation in human erythrocytes. Can J Biochem. 1977 Apr;55(4):359-64. [PubMed:15708 ]
  8. Klinker JF, Seifert R: Functionally nonequivalent interactions of guanosine 5'-triphosphate, inosine 5'-triphosphate, and xanthosine 5'-triphosphate with the retinal G-protein, transducin, and with Gi-proteins in HL-60 leukemia cell membranes. Biochem Pharmacol. 1997 Sep 1;54(5):551-62. [PubMed:9337071 ]
  9. Zachara B, Lewandowski J: Isolation and identification of inosine triphosphate from human erythrocytes. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1974 Jun 27;353(2):253-9. [PubMed:4842021 ]
  10. Mikami T, Yoshino Y, Ito A: Does a relationship exist between the urate pool in the body and lipid peroxidation during exercise? Free Radic Res. 2000 Jan;32(1):31-9. [PubMed:10625215 ]
  11. Kopff M, Zachara B, Klem J, Zakrzewska I: [Accumulation of inosine triphosphate in human erythrocytes as a function of ITP-pyrophosphohydrolase activity]. Acta Haematol Pol. 1983 Jul-Dec;14(3-4):165-71. [PubMed:6147059 ]
  12. Fraser JH, Meyers H, Henderson JF, Brox LW, McCoy EE: Individual variation in inosine triphosphate accumulation in human erythrocytes. Clin Biochem. 1975 Dec;8(6):353-64. [PubMed:1204209 ]