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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2007-04-12 20:13:40 UTC
Updated at2022-04-04 18:44:35 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000131
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameIsobutanol
DescriptionIsobutanol is an aliphatic alcohol. Isobutanol is a colorless, flammable, organic compound with a characteristic smell. Isobutanol is widely used in industry, as a solvent in chemical reactions, as well as being a useful starting material for organic synthesis. Isobutanol is a flammable liquid that should be stored and used in well-ventilated areas. It is moderately irritating to the skin and greatly irritating to the eyes, mucous membranes and respiratory tract. Exposure to high concentrations of its vapour can cause temporary narcosis. Isobutanol is occasionally found as a volatile component of urine and arises from gut microbial metabolism. Isobutanol is used as one of the markers to measure occupational exposure to a mixture of solvents. Aliphatic alcohols levels increase in both diabetes mellitus and insulin-dependent diabetes patients. (PMID:5556886 , 2477620 , 9143482 , 7627316 , 2288731 ). Isobutanol is a microbial metabolite found in Clostridium, Cupriavidus, Escherichia, Geobacillus, Saccharomyces and Synechococcus (PMID:19946322 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-HydroxymethylpropaneChEBI
2-Methyl-1-propanolChEBI
2-MethylpropanolChEBI
I-butanolChEBI
I-butyl alcoholChEBI
IBAChEBI
Iso-butyl alcoholChEBI
Iso-C4H9OHChEBI
Isobutyl alcoholChEBI
IsobutylalkoholChEBI
IsopropylcarbinolChEBI
2-Methyl propanolHMDB
2-Methyl-1-propanyl alcoholHMDB
2-Methylpropan-1-olHMDB
2-MethylpropanoIHMDB
2-Methylpropanol-1HMDB
2-Methylpropyl alcoholHMDB
Alcool isobutyliqueHMDB
Isopropyl carbitolHMDB
Methyl-2 propanol-1HMDB
Isobutyl alcohol, aluminum saltHMDB
Isobutyl alcohol, sodium saltHMDB
Isobutyl alcohol, titanium (+4) saltHMDB
IsobutanolMeSH
Chemical FormulaC4H10O
Average Mass74.1216 Da
Monoisotopic Mass74.07316 Da
IUPAC Name2-methylpropan-1-ol
Traditional Nameisobutanol
CAS Registry Number78-83-1
SMILES
CC(C)CO
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H10O/c1-4(2)3-5/h4-5H,3H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyZXEKIIBDNHEJCQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Experimental Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor EmailDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, H2O, simulated)Ahselim2022-04-04View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, H2O, experimental)Ahselim2022-04-04View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 90 MHz, CDCl3, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 15.09 MHz, CDCl3, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Predicted Spectra
Not Available
Chemical Shift Submissions
Not Available
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Abelmoschus esculentusFooDB
Ananas comosusFooDB
Anas platyrhynchosFooDB
AnatidaeFooDB
Anser anserFooDB
Bison bisonFooDB
Bos taurusFooDB
Bos taurus X Bison bisonFooDB
Bubalus bubalisFooDB
Capra aegagrus hircusFooDB
Carica papaya L.FooDB
Carthamus tinctoriusFooDB
CervidaeFooDB
Cervus canadensisFooDB
Chamaemelum nobileFooDB
Citrus X sinensis (L.) Osbeck (pro. sp.)FooDB
ColumbaFooDB
ColumbidaeFooDB
Dromaius novaehollandiaeFooDB
Equus caballusFooDB
Ficus caricaFooDB
Gallus gallusFooDB
Helianthus annuus L.FooDB
Lagopus mutaFooDB
Laurus nobilis L.FooDB
LeporidaeFooDB
Lepus timidusFooDB
Melanitta fuscaFooDB
Meleagris gallopavoFooDB
Mentha spicataFooDB
Numida meleagrisFooDB
OdocoileusFooDB
OryctolagusFooDB
Ovis ariesFooDB
PhasianidaeFooDB
Phasianus colchicusFooDB
Prunus aviumFooDB
    • J. P. Mattheis, D. A. Buchanan, and J. K. Fellman Volatile Constituents of Bing Sweet Cherry Frui...
Ribes nigrumFooDB
Struthio camelusFooDB
Sus scrofaFooDB
Sus scrofa domesticaFooDB
Zea mays L.FooDB
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as primary alcohols. Primary alcohols are compounds comprising the primary alcohol functional group, with the general structure RCOH (R=alkyl, aryl).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassAlcohols and polyols
Direct ParentPrimary alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-108 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility85 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP0.76Hansch CH, Leo A and Hoekman DH. "Exploring QSAR: Hydrophobic, Electronic, and Steric Constraints. Volume 1" ACS Publications (1995).
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility140 g/LALOGPS
logP0.6ALOGPS
logP0.73ChemAxon
logS0.28ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)17.33ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity22.01 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability9.07 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0006006
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB003274
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID6312
KEGG Compound IDC14710
BioCyc IDISOBUTANOL
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkIsobutanol
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6560
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID46645
Good Scents IDNot Available
References
General References
  1. Zlatkis A, Liebich HM: Profile of volatile metabolites in human urine. Clin Chem. 1971 Jul;17(7):592-4. [PubMed:5556886 ]
  2. Bilzer N, Schmutte P, Jehs M, Penners BM: [Kinetics of aliphatic alcohols (methanol, propanol-1 and isobutanol) in the presence of alcohol in the human body]. Blutalkohol. 1990 Nov;27(6):385-409. [PubMed:2288731 ]
  3. Inglik N, Rudenko BA, Kakhnovskii IM, Koroleva TV: [Gas chromatographic study of the composition of the volatile components of the urine in normal subjects and patients with diabetes mellitus]. Lab Delo. 1989;(8):24-7. [PubMed:2477620 ]
  4. Norback D, Bjornsson E, Janson C, Widstrom J, Boman G: Asthmatic symptoms and volatile organic compounds, formaldehyde, and carbon dioxide in dwellings. Occup Environ Med. 1995 Jun;52(6):388-95. [PubMed:7627316 ]
  5. Kruszewski FH, Walker TL, DiPasquale LC: Evaluation of a human corneal epithelial cell line as an in vitro model for assessing ocular irritation. Fundam Appl Toxicol. 1997 Apr;36(2):130-40. [PubMed:9143482 ]
  6. Evenepoel P, Meijers BK, Bammens BR, Verbeke K: Uremic toxins originating from colonic microbial metabolism. Kidney Int Suppl. 2009 Dec;(114):S12-9. doi: 10.1038/ki.2009.402. [PubMed:19946322 ]
  7. Gu P, Liu L, Ma Q, Dong Z, Wang Q, Xu J, Huang Z, Li Q: Metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli for the production of isobutanol: a review. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2021 Sep 6;37(10):168. doi: 10.1007/s11274-021-03140-0. [PubMed:34487256 ]