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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2020-11-24 22:13:00 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000122
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common Name17a-Hydroxypregnenolone
Description17A-Hydroxypregnenolone is a 21-carbon steroid that is converted from pregnenolone by cytochrome P450 17alpha hydroxylase/C17,20 lyase (CYP17, EC 1.14.99.9). 17A-Hydroxypregnenolone is an intermediate in the delta-5 pathway of biosynthesis of gonadal steroid hormones and the adrenal corticosteroids. The first, rate-limiting and hormonally regulated step in the biosynthesis of all steroid hormones is the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone. The conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone is accomplished by the cleavage of the cholesterol side chain, catalyzed by a mitochondrial cytochrome P450 enzyme termed P450scc where scc designates Side Chain Cleavage. All steroid hormones are made from the pregnenolone produced by P450scc; thus, the presence or absence of each of the activities of CYP17 directs this pregnenolone towards its final metabolic pathway. While all cytochrome P450 enzymes can catalyze multiple reactions on a single active site, CYP17 is the only one described to date in which these multiple activities are differentially regulated by a physiologic process. 17A-Hydroxypregnenolone is converted to dehydroepiandrosterone by the 17,20 lyase activity of CYP17. The ratio of the 17,20 lyase to 17 alpha-hydroxylase activity of CYP17 determines the ratio of C21 to C19 steroids produced. This ratio is regulated post-translationally by at least three factors: The abundance of the electron-donating protein P450 oxidoreductase, the presence of cytochrome b5, and the serine phosphorylation of CYP17. (PMID: 12573809 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(3beta)-3,17-Dihydroxypregn-5-en-20-oneChEBI
17-HydroxypregnenoloneChEBI
5-Pregnen-3beta,17alpha-diol-20-oneChEBI
(3b)-3,17-Dihydroxypregn-5-en-20-oneGenerator
(3Β)-3,17-dihydroxypregn-5-en-20-oneGenerator
5-Pregnen-3b,17a-diol-20-oneGenerator
5-Pregnen-3β,17α-diol-20-oneGenerator
17-Hydroxy-D5-pregnenoloneHMDB
17-OH-PregnenoloneHMDB
17a-HydroxypregnoloneHMDB
17alpha-HydroxypregnanoloneHMDB
17alpha-HydroxypregnenoloneHMDB
3b,17-Dihydroxy-5-pregnen-20-oneHMDB
3b,17-Dihydroxy-pregn-5-en-20-oneHMDB
3b,17a-Dihydroxypregn-5-en-20-oneHMDB
17alpha HydroxypregnenoloneHMDB
HydroxypregnenoloneHMDB
17 HydroxypregnenoloneHMDB
17 alpha HydroxypregnenoloneHMDB
17-Hydroxypregnenolone, (3alpha)-isomerHMDB
17-Hydroxypregnenolone, (3beta,13alpha)-isomerHMDB
17-alpha-HydroxypregnenoloneHMDB
17 alpha-HydroxypregnenoloneHMDB
17-Hydroxypregnenolone, (3beta,13alpha,17alpha)-isomerHMDB
17-Hydroxypregnenolone, (3beta,17alpha)-isomerHMDB
Chemical FormulaC21H32O3
Average Mass332.4770 Da
Monoisotopic Mass332.23514 Da
IUPAC Name1-[(1S,2R,5S,10R,11S,14R,15S)-5,14-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-7-en-14-yl]ethan-1-one
Traditional Name1-[(1S,2R,5S,10R,11S,14R,15S)-5,14-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-7-en-14-yl]ethanone
CAS Registry Number387-79-1
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@](O)(C(C)=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC=C2C[C@@H](O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H32O3/c1-13(22)21(24)11-8-18-16-5-4-14-12-15(23)6-9-19(14,2)17(16)7-10-20(18,21)3/h4,15-18,23-24H,5-12H2,1-3H3/t15-,16+,17-,18-,19-,20-,21-/m0/s1
InChI KeyJERGUCIJOXJXHF-TVWVXWENSA-N
Experimental Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor EmailDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, 100%_DMSO, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Predicted Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor IDDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 25 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 252 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 50 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 75 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 101 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 126 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 151 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 176 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 201 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 226 MHz, D2O, predicted)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Chemical Shift Submissions
Not Available
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Anas platyrhynchosFooDB
AnatidaeFooDB
Anser anserFooDB
Bison bisonFooDB
Bos taurusFooDB
Bos taurus X Bison bisonFooDB
Bubalus bubalisFooDB
Capra aegagrus hircusFooDB
CervidaeFooDB
Cervus canadensisFooDB
ColumbaFooDB
ColumbidaeFooDB
Dromaius novaehollandiaeFooDB
Equus caballusFooDB
Gallus gallusFooDB
Homo sapiensLOTUS Database
Lagopus mutaFooDB
LeporidaeFooDB
Lepus timidusFooDB
Melanitta fuscaFooDB
Meleagris gallopavoFooDB
Mus musculusLOTUS Database
Numida meleagrisFooDB
OdocoileusFooDB
OryctolagusFooDB
Ovis ariesFooDB
PhasianidaeFooDB
Phasianus colchicusFooDB
Struthio camelusFooDB
Sus scrofaFooDB
Sus scrofa domesticaFooDB
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins and derivatives. These are steroids with a structure based on a hydroxylated prostane moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassPregnane steroids
Direct ParentGluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Progestogin-skeleton
  • 20-oxosteroid
  • 3-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 17-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point266 - 271 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.038 g/LALOGPS
logP3.15ALOGPS
logP2.83ChemAxon
logS-4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.7ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity95.16 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability38.66 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0000363
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB030278
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID82579
KEGG Compound IDC05138
BioCyc IDCPD66-23
BiGG ID45199
Wikipedia Link17-Hydroxypregnenolone
METLIN ID5352
PubChem Compound91451
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28750
Good Scents IDNot Available
References
General References
  1. Shimozawa K, Saisho S, Yata J, Kambegawa A: Age-related changes in serum 17-hydroxypregnenolone and 17-hydroxypregnenolone sulfate concentrations in human infancy and childhood. Endocrinol Jpn. 1988 Apr;35(2):189-95. [PubMed:3208699 ]
  2. Rodriguez-Rigau LJ, Weiss DB, Smith KD, Steinberger E: Suggestion of abnormal testicular steroidogenesis in some oligospermic men. Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1978 Feb;87(2):400-12. [PubMed:580138 ]
  3. Kaufman FR, Costin G, Goebelsmann U, Stanczyk FZ, Zachmann M: Male pseudohermaphroditism due to 17,20-desmolase deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1983 Jul;57(1):32-6. [PubMed:6853680 ]
  4. Miller WL: Androgen biosynthesis from cholesterol to DHEA. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002 Dec 30;198(1-2):7-14. [PubMed:12573809 ]
  5. Riepe FG, Mahler P, Sippell WG, Partsch CJ: Longitudinal study of plasma pregnenolone and 17-hydroxypregnenolone in full-term and preterm neonates at birth and during the early neonatal period. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Sep;87(9):4301-6. doi: 10.1210/jc.2002-020452. [PubMed:12213889 ]