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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2021-08-19 20:22:33 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000091
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameAdenosine monophosphate
DescriptionAdenosine monophosphate, also known as 5'-adenylic acid and abbreviated AMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside adenosine. AMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine. AMP can be produced during ATP synthesis by the enzyme adenylate kinase. AMP has recently been approved as a 'Bitter Blocker' additive to foodstuffs. When AMP is added to bitter foods or foods with a bitter aftertaste it makes them seem 'sweeter'. This potentially makes lower calorie food products more palatable.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5'-Adenosine monophosphateChEBI
5'-Adenylic acidChEBI
5'-AMPChEBI
5'-O-PhosphonoadenosineChEBI
Adenosine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphate)ChEBI
Adenosine 5'-phosphateChEBI
Adenosine phosphateChEBI
Adenosine-5'-monophosphoric acidChEBI
Adenosine-5'pChEBI
Adenosini phosphasChEBI
AdenylateChEBI
Adenylic acidChEBI
Ado5'pChEBI
AMPChEBI
Fosfato de adenosinaChEBI
pAChEBI
PAdoChEBI
Phosphate d'adenosineChEBI
AdenylKegg
Adenosine 5'-monophosphateKegg
5'-Adenosine monophosphoric acidGenerator
5'-AdenylateGenerator
Adenosine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphoric acid)Generator
Adenosine 5'-phosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine phosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine-5'-monophosphateGenerator
Phosphoric acid d'adenosineGenerator
Adenosine 5'-monophosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine monophosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine 5'-phosphorateHMDB
Adenosine-5'-monophosphorateHMDB
Adenosine-5-monophosphorateHMDB
Adenosine-5-monophosphoric acidHMDB
Adenosine-monophosphateHMDB
Adenosine-phosphateHMDB
AdenoviteHMDB
CardiomoneHMDB
LycedanHMDB
Muscle adenylateHMDB
Muscle adenylic acidHMDB
My-b-denHMDB
My-beta-denHMDB
PhosadenHMDB
PhosphadenHMDB, MeSH
PhosphentasideHMDB
5'-Phosphate, adenosineMeSH, HMDB
Acid, 2'-adenylicMeSH, HMDB
2'-Adenylic acidMeSH, HMDB
Adenosine 3' phosphateMeSH, HMDB
Disodium, adenosine phosphateMeSH, HMDB
Phosphate dipotassium, adenosineMeSH, HMDB
Adenosine 2'-phosphateMeSH, HMDB
Adenosine 5' phosphateMeSH, HMDB
Adenosine phosphate dipotassiumMeSH, HMDB
Dipotassium, adenosine phosphateMeSH, HMDB
2' Adenylic acidMeSH, HMDB
5' Adenylic acidMeSH, HMDB
Acid, 5'-adenylicMeSH, HMDB
Adenosine 3'-phosphateMeSH, HMDB
Monophosphate, 2'-adenosineMeSH, HMDB
Phosphate disodium, adenosineMeSH, HMDB
2' Adenosine monophosphateMeSH, HMDB
2'-AMPMeSH, HMDB
2'-Adenosine monophosphateMeSH, HMDB
Adenosine 2' phosphateMeSH, HMDB
Adenosine phosphate disodiumMeSH, HMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H14N5O7P
Average Mass347.2212 Da
Monoisotopic Mass347.06308 Da
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameadenylate
CAS Registry Number61-19-8
SMILES
NC1=C2N=CN([C@@H]3O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]3O)C2=NC=N1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H14N5O7P/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(22-10)1-21-23(18,19)20/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyUDMBCSSLTHHNCD-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor IDDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 1H] 2D NMR Spectrum (experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C] NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, simulated)V.dorna832021-08-09View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, simulated)V.dorna832021-08-23View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)V.dorna832021-08-23View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, simulated)V.dorna832021-08-23View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)V.dorna832021-08-23View Spectrum
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Camellia irrawadiensisiaKNApSAcK Database
Camellia kissiKNApSAcK Database
Camellia ptilophyllaKNApSAcK Database
Camellia sinensisKNApSAcK Database
Camellia taliensisKNApSAcK Database
Camellia toliensisKNApSAcK Database
Citrus maximaKNApSAcK Database
Coffea arabicaKNApSAcK Database
Coffea canephoraKNApSAcK Database
Coffea dewevreiKNApSAcK Database
Coffea eugeniodesKNApSAcK Database
Coffea kianjavatensisKNApSAcK Database
Coffea libericaKNApSAcK Database
Coffea racemosaKNApSAcK Database
Coffea salvatrixKNApSAcK Database
Cola sp.KNApSAcK Database
Ilex paraguariensisKNApSAcK Database
Paullinia cupanaKNApSAcK Database
Theobroma cacaoKNApSAcK Database
Theobroma grandiflorumKNApSAcK Database
Species Where Detected
Species NameSourceReference
Escherichia coliKNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside monophosphates. These are nucleotides consisting of a purine base linked to a ribose to which one monophosphate group is attached.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPurine ribonucleoside monophosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point195 °CNot Available
Boiling Point798.5 °Chttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenosine_monophosphate
Water Solubility10 mg/mL at 20 °CBEILSTEIN
LogP10.009 (est)The Good Scents Company Information System
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.31 g/LALOGPS
logP-3.1ALOGPS
logP-4.7ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.22ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)3.92ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area186.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity74.07 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability29.96 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
External Links
HMDB IDHMDB0000045
DrugBank IDDB00131
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB030677
KNApSAcK IDC00019347
Chemspider ID5858
KEGG Compound IDC00020
BioCyc IDAMP
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkAdenylic_acid
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6083
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16027
Good Scents IDrw1153971
References
General References
  1. Eells JT, Spector R: Purine and pyrimidine base and nucleoside concentrations in human cerebrospinal fluid and plasma. Neurochem Res. 1983 Nov;8(11):1451-7. [PubMed:6656991 ]
  2. Nakayama Y, Kinoshita A, Tomita M: Dynamic simulation of red blood cell metabolism and its application to the analysis of a pathological condition. Theor Biol Med Model. 2005 May 9;2:18. [PubMed:15882454 ]
  3. BISHOP C, RANKINE DM, TALBOTT JH: The nucleotides in normal human blood. J Biol Chem. 1959 May;234(5):1233-7. [PubMed:13654353 ]
  4. Lin CY, Ishida M: Elevation of cAMP levels in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with neonatal meningitis. Pediatrics. 1983 Jun;71(6):932-4. [PubMed:6304612 ]
  5. Pagani R, Tabucchi A, Carlucci F, Leoncini R, Consolmagno E, Molinelli M, Valerio P: Some aspects of purine nucleotide metabolism in human lymphocytes before and after infection with HIV-1 virus: nucleotide content. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1991;309B:43-6. [PubMed:1781403 ]
  6. Drezner MK, Neelon FA, Curtis HB, Lebovitz HE: Renal cyclic adenosine monophosphate: an accurate index of parathyroid function. Metabolism. 1976 Oct;25(10):1103-12. [PubMed:184364 ]
  7. Aschenbach WG, Sakamoto K, Goodyear LJ: 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, metabolism and exercise. Sports Med. 2004;34(2):91-103. [PubMed:14965188 ]
  8. Subramanian GM, Cronin PW, Poley G, Weinstein A, Stoughton SM, Zhong J, Ou Y, Zmuda JF, Osborn BL, Freimuth WW: A phase 1 study of PAmAb, a fully human monoclonal antibody against Bacillus anthracis protective antigen, in healthy volunteers. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Jul 1;41(1):12-20. Epub 2005 May 24. [PubMed:15937757 ]
  9. Aurbach GD: Genetic disorders involving parathyroid hormone and calcitonin. Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1971 May;7(6):48-54. [PubMed:4155962 ]
  10. Post RM, Cramer H, Goodwin FK: Cyclic AMP in cerebrospinal fluid of manic and depressive patients. Psychol Med. 1977 Nov;7(4):599-605. [PubMed:201957 ]