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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2021-10-07 20:38:31 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000091
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameAdenosine monophosphate
DescriptionAdenosine monophosphate, also known as 5'-adenylic acid and abbreviated AMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside adenosine. AMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine. AMP can be produced during ATP synthesis by the enzyme adenylate kinase. AMP has recently been approved as a 'Bitter Blocker' additive to foodstuffs. When AMP is added to bitter foods or foods with a bitter aftertaste it makes them seem 'sweeter'. This potentially makes lower calorie food products more palatable.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5'-Adenosine monophosphateChEBI
5'-Adenylic acidChEBI
5'-AMPChEBI
5'-O-PhosphonoadenosineChEBI
Adenosine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphate)ChEBI
Adenosine 5'-phosphateChEBI
Adenosine phosphateChEBI
Adenosine-5'-monophosphoric acidChEBI
Adenosine-5'pChEBI
Adenosini phosphasChEBI
AdenylateChEBI
Adenylic acidChEBI
Ado5'pChEBI
AMPChEBI
Fosfato de adenosinaChEBI
pAChEBI
PAdoChEBI
Phosphate d'adenosineChEBI
Adenosine 5'-monophosphateKegg
AdenylKegg
5'-Adenosine monophosphoric acidGenerator
5'-AdenylateGenerator
Adenosine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphoric acid)Generator
Adenosine 5'-phosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine phosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine-5'-monophosphateGenerator
Phosphoric acid d'adenosineGenerator
Adenosine 5'-monophosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine monophosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine 5'-phosphorateHMDB
Adenosine-5'-monophosphorateHMDB
Adenosine-5-monophosphorateHMDB
Adenosine-5-monophosphoric acidHMDB
Adenosine-monophosphateHMDB
Adenosine-phosphateHMDB
AdenoviteHMDB
CardiomoneHMDB
LycedanHMDB
Muscle adenylateHMDB
Muscle adenylic acidHMDB
My-b-denHMDB
My-beta-denHMDB
PhosadenHMDB
PhosphadenHMDB
PhosphentasideHMDB
5'-Phosphate, adenosineHMDB
Acid, 2'-adenylicHMDB
2'-Adenylic acidHMDB
Adenosine 3' phosphateHMDB
Disodium, adenosine phosphateHMDB
Phosphate dipotassium, adenosineHMDB
Adenosine 2'-phosphateHMDB
Adenosine 5' phosphateHMDB
Adenosine phosphate dipotassiumHMDB
Dipotassium, adenosine phosphateHMDB
2' Adenylic acidHMDB
5' Adenylic acidHMDB
Acid, 5'-adenylicHMDB
Adenosine 3'-phosphateHMDB
monoPhosphate, 2'-adenosineHMDB
Phosphate disodium, adenosineHMDB
2' Adenosine monophosphateHMDB
2'-AMPHMDB
2'-Adenosine monophosphateHMDB
Adenosine 2' phosphateHMDB
Adenosine phosphate disodiumHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H14N5O7P
Average Mass347.2212 Da
Monoisotopic Mass347.06308 Da
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameadenylate
CAS Registry Number61-19-8
SMILES
NC1=C2N=CN([C@@H]3O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]3O)C2=NC=N1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H14N5O7P/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(22-10)1-21-23(18,19)20/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyUDMBCSSLTHHNCD-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor IDDeposition DateView
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, simulated)V.dorna832021-08-09View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, simulated)V.dorna832021-08-23View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)V.dorna832021-08-23View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, simulated)V.dorna832021-08-23View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)V.dorna832021-08-23View Spectrum
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Abelmoschus esculentus
Actinidia chinensis
Agaricus bisporus
Agave
Allium ampeloprasum
Allium ascalonicum
Allium cepa
Allium cepa L.
Allium fistulosum
Allium sativum
Allium schoenoprasum
Allium tuberosum
Aloysia triphylla
Amaranthus
Amelanchier alnifolia
Anacardium occidentale
Ananas comosus
Anas platyrhynchos
Anatidae
Anethum graveolens
Angelica keiskei
Annona cherimola
Annona muricata
Annona reticulata
Annona squamosa
Anser anser
Anthriscus cerefolium
Apium graveolens
Apium graveolens var. dulce
Apium graveolens var. rapaceum
Apium graveolens var. secalinum
Arachis hypogaea
Arctium lappa
Armoracia rusticana
Artemisia dracunculus
Artemisia vulgaris
Artocarpus altilis
Artocarpus heterophyllus
Asparagus officinalis
Attalea speciosa
Auricularia auricula-judae
Auricularia polytricha
Avena sativa L.
Averrhoa carambola
Basella alba
Benincasa hispida
Bertholletia excelsa
Beta vulgaris
Beta vulgaris ssp. cicla
Bison bison
Borago officinalis
Bos taurus
Bos taurus X Bison bison
Brassica alboglabra
Brassica juncea
Brassica napus
Brassica napus var. napus
Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes
Brassica oleracea var. italica
Brassica oleracea var. sabauda
Brassica oleracea var. viridis
Brassica rapa
Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis
Brassica rapa var. pekinensis
Brassica rapa var. rapa
Brassica ruvo
Brosimum alicastrum
Bubalus bubalis
Byrsonima crassifolia
Cajanus cajan
Camellia irrawadiensisiaKNApSAcK Database
Camellia kissiKNApSAcK Database
Camellia ptilophyllaKNApSAcK Database
Camellia sinensisKNApSAcK Database
Camellia taliensisKNApSAcK Database
Camellia toliensisKNApSAcK Database
Cammellia assamica var.kucha-
Canarium ovatum
Cannabis sativaCannabisDB
      Not Available
Cantharellus cibarius
Capparis spinosa
Capra aegagrus hircus
Capsicum annuum
Capsicum annuum L.
Capsicum annuum var. annuum
Capsicum chinense
Capsicum pubescens
Carica papaya L.
Carissa macrocarpa
Carthamus tinctorius
Carum carvi
Carya
Carya illinoinensis
Castanea
Castanea crenata
Castanea mollissima
Castanea sativa
Ceratonia siliqua
Cervidae
Cervus canadensis
Chamaemelum nobile
Chamerion angustifolium
Chenopodium album
Chenopodium quinoa
Chrysanthemum coronarium
Cicer arietinum
Cichorium endivia
Cichorium intybus
Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum aromaticum
Cinnamomum verum
Cirsium
Citrullus lanatus
Citrus ×limon (L.) Burm. f. (pro sp.)
Citrus aurantiifolia
Citrus latifolia
Citrus limon
Citrus maximaKNApSAcK Database
Citrus paradisi
Citrus reticulata
Citrus X sinensis (L.) Osbeck (pro. sp.)
Cocos nucifera
Coffea arabicaKNApSAcK Database
Coffea arabica L.Plant
Coffea canephoraKNApSAcK Database
Coffea dewevreiKNApSAcK Database
Coffea eugeniodesKNApSAcK Database
Coffea kianjavatensisKNApSAcK Database
Coffea libericaKNApSAcK Database
Coffea racemosaKNApSAcK Database
Coffea salvatrixKNApSAcK Database
Cola sp.KNApSAcK Database
Colocasia esculenta
Columba
Columbidae
Corchorus olitorius
Coriandrum sativum L.
Corylus
Corylus avellana
Crateva religiosa
Crocus sativus
Cucumis melo
Cucumis metuliferus
Cucumis sativus L.
Cucurbita
Cucurbita maxima
Cucurbita moschata
Cuminum cyminum
Curcuma longa
Cydonia oblonga
Cymbopogon citratus
Cynara cardunculus
Cynara scolymus
Daucus carota
Daucus carota ssp. sativus
Dimocarpus longan
Dioscorea
Dioscorea pentaphylla
Diospyros
Diospyros kaki
Diospyros virginiana
Dromaius novaehollandiae
Durio zibethinus
Dysphania ambrosioides
Elaeis
Eleocharis dulcis
Elettaria cardamomum
Empetrum nigrum
Equus caballus
Eragrostis tef
Eriobotrya japonica
Eruca vesicaria subsp. Sativa
Eugenia javanica
Eugenia uniflora
Eutrema japonicum
Fagopyrum esculentum
Fagopyrum tataricum
Fagus
Feijoa sellowiana
Ficus carica
Flammulina velutipes
Foeniculum vulgare
Fragaria x ananassa
Gallus gallus
Garcinia mangostana
Gaylussacia baccata
Ginkgo biloba
Glycine max
Gossypium
Grifola frondosa
Hedysarum alpinum
Helianthus annuus L.
Helianthus tuberosus
Herreania sp.-
Hibiscus sabbariffa
Hippophae rhamnoides
Hordeum vulgare
Hyssopus officinalis L.
Ilex paraguariensisKNApSAcK Database
Illicium verum
Ipomoea aquatica
Ipomoea batatas
Juglans
Juglans ailanthifolia
Juglans cinerea
Juglans nigra L.
Juglans regia
Lablab purpureus
Lactuca sativa
Lagenaria siceraria
Lagopus muta
Lathyrus sativus
Laurus nobilis L.
Lens culinaris
Lentinus edodes
Lepidium sativum
Leporidae
Lepus timidus
Levisticum officinale
Linum usitatissimum
Litchi chinensis
Luffa aegyptiaca
Lupinus
Lupinus albus
Macadamia
Macadamia tetraphylla
Malpighia emarginata
Malus
Malus pumila
Mammea americana
Mangifera indica
Manihot esculenta
Manilkara zapota
Maranta arundinacea
Matricaria recutita
Matteuccia struthiopteris
Medicago sativa
Melanitta fusca
Meleagris gallopavo
Melissa officinalis L.
Mentha
Mentha aquatica
Mentha arvensis
Mentha spicata
Mentha x piperita
Mespilus germanica
Metroxylon sagu
Momordica charantia
Morchellaceae
Morella rubra
Moringa oleifera
Morus
Morus nigra
Musa acuminata
Musa x paradisiaca
Myrica
Myristica fragrans
Nelumbo
Nelumbo nucifera
Nephelium lappaceum
Numida meleagris
Nuphar lutea
Ocimum basilicum
Odocoileus
Oenothera biennis
Olea europaea
Opuntia
Opuntia cochenillifera
Opuntia macrorhiza
Origanum majorana
Origanum onites
Origanum vulgare
Origanum X majoricum
Oryctolagus
Oryza rufipogon
Oryza sativa
Ovis aries
Pachyrhizus erosus
Panax ginseng
Pangium edule
Panicum miliaceum
Passiflora edulis
Pastinaca sativa
Paullinia cupanaKNApSAcK Database
Pediomelum esculentum
Perideridia oregana
Persea americana
Petasites japonicus
Petroselinum crispum
Phaseolus coccineus
Phaseolus lunatus
Phaseolus vulgaris
Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus
Phoenix dactylifera
Photinia melanocarpa
Phyllostachys edulis
Physalis
Physalis philadelphica var. immaculata
Phytolacca americana
Pimenta dioica
Pimpinella anisum
Pinus
Pinus edulis
Piper nigrum L.
Pistacia vera
Pisum sativum
Pleurotus ostreatus
Polygonum alpinum
Portulaca oleracea
Pouteria sapota
Prunus armeniaca
Prunus avium
Prunus avium L.
Prunus cerasus
Prunus domestica
Prunus dulcis
Prunus persica
Prunus persica var. nucipersica
Prunus persica var. persica
Prunus tomentosa
Prunus virginiana
Psidium cattleianum
Psidium guajava
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus
Punica granatum
Pyrus communis
Pyrus pyrifolia
Quercus
Raphanus sativus
Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus
Raphanus sativus var. sativus
Rheum rhabarbarum
Ribes aureum
Ribes glandulosum
Ribes nigrum
Ribes rubrum
Ribes uva-crispa
Rosa
Rubus arcticus
Rubus chamaemorus
Rubus idaeus
Rubus occidentalis
Rubus spectabilis
Rumex
Rumex acetosa
Rumex articus
Sagittaria latifolia
Salix pulchra
Salvia elegans
Salvia hispanica
Salvia officinalis
Salvia rosmarinus
Sambucus nigra
Sambucus nigra L.
Satureja hortensis L.
Satureja montana
Scorzonera hispanica
Secale cereale
Sechium edule
Sesamum indicum
Sesbania bispinosa
Sinapis alba
Sisymbrium
Solanum lycopersicum
Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum
Solanum melongena
Solanum quitoense
Solanum tuberosum
Sorbus aucuparia
Sorghum bicolor
Spinacia oleracea
Struthio camelus
Sus scrofa
Sus scrofa domestica
Syzygium aromaticum
Syzygium cumini
Syzygium jambos
Tamarindus indica
Taraxacum officinale
Tetragonia tetragonioides
Thelesperma
Theobroma cacaoKNApSAcK Database
Theobroma grandiflorumKNApSAcK Database
Thymus pulegioides
Thymus vulgaris
Tilia cordata
Tilia L.
Tragopogon porrifolius
Trigonella foenum-graecum
Triticum
Triticum aestivum
Triticum durum
Triticum spelta
Triticum turanicum
Typha angustifolia
Vaccinium
Vaccinium angustifolium
Vaccinium angustifolium X Vaccinium corymbosum
Vaccinium arboreum
Vaccinium corymbosum
Vaccinium deliciosum
Vaccinium elliottii
Vaccinium macrocarpon
Vaccinium myrtilloides
Vaccinium myrtillus
Vaccinium ovalifolium
Vaccinium ovatum
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Vaccinium parvifolium
Vaccinium reticulatum
Vaccinium stamineum
Vaccinium uliginosum
Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Valerianella locusta
Vanilla
Verbena officinalis
Viburnum edule
Vicia faba
Vigna aconitifolia
Vigna angularis
Vigna mungo
Vigna radiata
Vigna umbellata
Vigna unguiculata
Vigna unguiculata ssp. cylindrica
Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculata
Vigna unguiculata var. sesquipedalis
Vitis
Vitis aestivalis
Vitis labrusca
Vitis rotundifolia
Vitis vinifera L.
Xanthosoma sagittifolium
Zea mays L.
Zingiber officinale
Zizania
Zizania aquatica
Ziziphus zizyphus
Species Where Detected
Species NameSourceReference
Escherichia coliKNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside monophosphates. These are nucleotides consisting of a purine base linked to a ribose to which one monophosphate group is attached.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPurine ribonucleoside monophosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point195 °CNot Available
Boiling Point798.5 °Chttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenosine_monophosphate
Water Solubility10 mg/mL at 20 °CBeilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry (Handbuch der Organischen Chemie), 4th Edition
LogP10.009 (est)The Good Scents Company Information System
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.31 g/LALOGPS
logP-3.1ALOGPS
logP-4.7ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.22ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)3.92ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area186.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity74.07 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability29.96 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0000045
DrugBank IDDB00131
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB030677
KNApSAcK IDC00019347
Chemspider ID5858
KEGG Compound IDC00020
BioCyc IDAMP
BiGG ID33534
Wikipedia LinkAdenylic_acid
METLIN ID5111
PubChem Compound6083
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16027
Good Scents IDrw1153971
References
General References
  1. Eells JT, Spector R: Purine and pyrimidine base and nucleoside concentrations in human cerebrospinal fluid and plasma. Neurochem Res. 1983 Nov;8(11):1451-7. [PubMed:6656991 ]
  2. Nakayama Y, Kinoshita A, Tomita M: Dynamic simulation of red blood cell metabolism and its application to the analysis of a pathological condition. Theor Biol Med Model. 2005 May 9;2:18. [PubMed:15882454 ]
  3. BISHOP C, RANKINE DM, TALBOTT JH: The nucleotides in normal human blood. J Biol Chem. 1959 May;234(5):1233-7. [PubMed:13654353 ]
  4. Lin CY, Ishida M: Elevation of cAMP levels in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with neonatal meningitis. Pediatrics. 1983 Jun;71(6):932-4. [PubMed:6304612 ]
  5. Pagani R, Tabucchi A, Carlucci F, Leoncini R, Consolmagno E, Molinelli M, Valerio P: Some aspects of purine nucleotide metabolism in human lymphocytes before and after infection with HIV-1 virus: nucleotide content. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1991;309B:43-6. [PubMed:1781403 ]
  6. Drezner MK, Neelon FA, Curtis HB, Lebovitz HE: Renal cyclic adenosine monophosphate: an accurate index of parathyroid function. Metabolism. 1976 Oct;25(10):1103-12. [PubMed:184364 ]
  7. Aschenbach WG, Sakamoto K, Goodyear LJ: 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, metabolism and exercise. Sports Med. 2004;34(2):91-103. [PubMed:14965188 ]
  8. Subramanian GM, Cronin PW, Poley G, Weinstein A, Stoughton SM, Zhong J, Ou Y, Zmuda JF, Osborn BL, Freimuth WW: A phase 1 study of PAmAb, a fully human monoclonal antibody against Bacillus anthracis protective antigen, in healthy volunteers. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Jul 1;41(1):12-20. Epub 2005 May 24. [PubMed:15937757 ]
  9. Aurbach GD: Genetic disorders involving parathyroid hormone and calcitonin. Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1971 May;7(6):48-54. [PubMed:4155962 ]
  10. Post RM, Cramer H, Goodwin FK: Cyclic AMP in cerebrospinal fluid of manic and depressive patients. Psychol Med. 1977 Nov;7(4):599-605. [PubMed:201957 ]