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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2020-11-23 18:25:34 UTC
Updated at2021-08-12 19:51:41 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0002627
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common Name(+-)-Acetylcarnitine
Provided ByBMRBBMRB logo
DescriptionAcetyl-D-carnitine belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl carnitines. These are organic compounds containing a fatty acid with the carboxylic acid attached to carnitine through an ester bond. Thus, acetyl-D-carnitine is considered to be a fatty ester. It was first documented in 1959 (PMID: 13825279). Based on a literature review a significant number of articles have been published on Acetyl-D-carnitine (PMID: 17984079) (PMID: 17098933) (PMID: 22804748) (PMID: 9034211).
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC9H17NO4
Average Mass203.2380 Da
Monoisotopic Mass203.11576 Da
IUPAC Name(3S)-3-(acetyloxy)-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
Traditional Nameacetylcarnitine
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@](CC([O-])=O)(C[N+](C)(C)C)OC(C)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H17NO4/c1-7(11)14-8(5-9(12)13)6-10(2,3)4/h8H,5-6H2,1-4H3/t8-/m0/s1
InChI KeyRDHQFKQIGNGIED-QMMMGPOBSA-N
Experimental Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor EmailDepositor OrganizationDepositorDeposition DateView
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, simulated)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, simulated)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, simulated)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, experimental)Wishart LabWishart LabDavid Wishart2021-06-20View Spectrum
Predicted Spectra
Not Available
Chemical Shift Submissions
Not Available
Species
Species of OriginNot Available
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl carnitines. These are organic compounds containing a fatty acid with the carboxylic acid attached to carnitine through an ester bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acid esters
Direct ParentAcyl carnitines
Alternative ParentsNot Available
SubstituentsNot Available
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-2.4ALOGPS
logP-4.4ChemAxon
logS-2.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.09ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.43 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity72.64 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability20.88 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0240771
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB098089
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17219
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound18230
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID86045
Good Scents IDNot Available
References
General References
  1. Ulrich EL, Akutsu H, Doreleijers JF, Harano Y, Ioannidis YE, Lin J, Livny M, Mading S, Maziuk D, Miller Z, Nakatani E, Schulte CF, Tolmie DE, Kent Wenger R, Yao H, Markley JL: BioMagResBank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2008 Jan;36(Database issue):D402-8. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkm957. Epub 2007 Nov 4. [PubMed:17984079 ]
  2. Sud M, Fahy E, Cotter D, Brown A, Dennis EA, Glass CK, Merrill AH Jr, Murphy RC, Raetz CR, Russell DW, Subramaniam S: LMSD: LIPID MAPS structure database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2007 Jan;35(Database issue):D527-32. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkl838. Epub 2006 Nov 10. [PubMed:17098933 ]
  3. FRITZ IB: Action of carnitine on long chain fatty acid oxidation by liver. Am J Physiol. 1959 Aug;197:297-304. doi: 10.1152/ajplegacy.1959.197.2.297. [PubMed:13825279 ]
  4. Reuter SE, Evans AM: Carnitine and acylcarnitines: pharmacokinetic, pharmacological and clinical aspects. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2012 Sep 1;51(9):553-72. doi: 10.1007/BF03261931. [PubMed:22804748 ]
  5. Costa CG, Struys EA, Bootsma A, ten Brink HJ, Dorland L, Tavares de Almeida I, Duran M, Jakobs C: Quantitative analysis of plasma acylcarnitines using gas chromatography chemical ionization mass fragmentography. J Lipid Res. 1997 Jan;38(1):173-82. [PubMed:9034211 ]