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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2021-08-19 23:58:26 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000746
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameL-Pipecolic acid
DescriptionL-pipecolic acid is a normal human metabolite present in human blood, where is present as the primary enantiomer of pipecolic acid. L-pipecolic acid is a cyclic imino acid (contains both imino (>C=NH) and carboxyl (-C(=O)-OH) functional groups) produced during the degradation of lysine, accumulates in body fluids of infants with generalized genetic peroxisomal disorders, including Zellweger syndrome (OMIM 214100 ), neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (OMIM 202370 ), and infantile Refsum disease (OMIM 266510 ). L-pipecolic acid levels are also elevated in patients with chronic liver diseases. L-pipecolic acid is the substrate of delta1-piperideine-2-carboxylate reductase (EC 1.5.1.21) In the pathway of lysine degradation (PMID: 2717271 , 8305590 , 1050990 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-(-)-Pipecolic acidChEBI
(S)-Pipecolic acidChEBI
(S)-Piperidine-2-carboxylic acidChEBI
2-Piperidinecarboxylic acidChEBI
L-(-)-Pipecolic acidChEBI
Pipecolic acidChEBI
Pipecolinic acidChEBI
(S)-(-)-PipecolateGenerator
(S)-PipecolateGenerator
(S)-Piperidine-2-carboxylateGenerator
2-PiperidinecarboxylateGenerator
L-(-)-PipecolateGenerator
PipecolateGenerator
PipecolinateGenerator
L-PipecolateGenerator
(-)-PipecolateHMDB
(-)-Pipecolic acidHMDB
(S)-(-)-2-PiperidinecarboxylateHMDB
(S)-(-)-2-Piperidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-2-PiperidinecarboxylateHMDB
(S)-2-Piperidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-PipecolinateHMDB
(S)-Pipecolinic acidHMDB
L-HomoprolineHMDB
L-PipecolinateHMDB
L-Pipecolinic acidHMDB
L-Piperidine-2-carboxylateHMDB
L-Piperidine-2-carboxylic acidHMDB
Pipecolic acid, (+,-)-isomerHMDB
Pipecolic acid, 14C-labeled CPD, (+,-)-isomerHMDB
Homopipecolic acidHMDB
Pipecolic acid, ion(1-), (+,-)-isomerHMDB
Pipecolic acid, ion(1-), (S)-isomerHMDB
Pipecolic acid hydrochloride, (+-)-isomerHMDB
Pipecolic acid, (S)-isomerHMDB
Pipecolic acid, (R)-isomerHMDB
Pipecolic acid, ion (1-)HMDB
Pipecolic acid, monopotassium saltHMDB
(2S)-2-Piperidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
(-)-Pipecolinic acidHMDB
(2S)-Piperidine-2-carboxylic acidHMDB
(RS)-2-Piperidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
(±)-2-piperidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
(±)-pipecolic acidHMDB
(±)-pipecolinic acidHMDB
2-CarboxypiperidineHMDB
2-Pipecolinic acidHMDB
2-Piperidinylcarboxylic acidHMDB
DL-2-Piperidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
DL-Pipecolic acidHMDB
DL-Pipecolinic acidHMDB
DihydrobaikianeHMDB
Hexahydro-2-picolinic acidHMDB
HomoprolineHMDB
Piperidine-6-carboxylic acidHMDB
Piperolinic acidHMDB
alpha-Pipecolinic acidHMDB
Α-pipecolinic acidHMDB
L-Pipecolic acidPhytoBank
Chemical FormulaC6H11NO2
Average Mass129.1570 Da
Monoisotopic Mass129.07898 Da
IUPAC Name(2S)-piperidine-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional NameL-pipecolic acid
CAS Registry Number3105-95-1
SMILES
OC(=O)[C@@H]1CCCCN1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H11NO2/c8-6(9)5-3-1-2-4-7-5/h5,7H,1-4H2,(H,8,9)/t5-/m0/s1
InChI KeyHXEACLLIILLPRG-YFKPBYRVSA-N
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor IDDeposition DateView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Agaricus bisporusFooDB
    • Shmuel Yannai Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, Flavors, and Ingredients. Chap...
Alternaria oxytropis-
Anas platyrhynchos
Anatidae
Anser anser
Astragalux oxyphysus-
Bison bison
Bos taurus
Bos taurus X Bison bison
Bubalus bubalis
Capra aegagrus hircus
Castanea sativaKNApSAcK Database
Castanosperma australe-
Cervidae
Cervus canadensis
Columba
Columbidae
Dromaius novaehollandiae
Equus caballus
Gallus gallus
Lagopus muta
Lemna aequinoctialisPlant
Lemna gibbaKNApSAcK Database
Lemna paucicostataKNApSAcK Database
Leporidae
Lepus timidus
Melanitta fusca
Meleagris gallopavo
Numida meleagris
Odocoileus
Oryctolagus
Ovis aries
Paraburkholderia phymatum-
Phaseolus vulgarisKNApSAcK Database
Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus
Pleurotus ostreatusFooDB
    • Shmuel Yannai Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, Flavors, and Ingredients. Chap...
Pseudogymnoascus sp. VKM F-4515-
Struthio camelus
Sus scrofa
Sus scrofa domestica
Species Where Detected
Species NameSourceReference
Alternaria oxytropis Raft RiverKNApSAcK Database
Arthroderma otae CBS113480KNApSAcK Database
Phoma medicaginisKNApSAcK Database
Trichophyton equinum CBS127.97KNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as l-alpha-amino acids. These are alpha amino acids which have the L-configuration of the alpha-carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentL-alpha-amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Piperidinecarboxylic acid
  • Piperidine
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Secondary amine
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point272 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility74060 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)The Good Scents Company Information System
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility158 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.2ALOGPS
logP-2.1ChemAxon
logS0.09ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.06ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.39ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area49.33 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity32.67 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.49 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0000716
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB030970
KNApSAcK IDC00001387
Chemspider ID388365
KEGG Compound IDC00408
BioCyc IDL-PIPECOLATE
BiGG ID34890
Wikipedia LinkPipecolic acid
METLIN ID5684
PubChem Compound439227
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID30913
Good Scents IDrw1253961
References
General References
  1. Mihalik SJ, Moser HW, Watkins PA, Danks DM, Poulos A, Rhead WJ: Peroxisomal L-pipecolic acid oxidation is deficient in liver from Zellweger syndrome patients. Pediatr Res. 1989 May;25(5):548-52. [PubMed:2717271 ]
  2. Baumgartner MR, Jansen GA, Verhoeven NM, Mooyer PA, Jakobs C, Roels F, Espeel M, Fourmaintraux A, Bellet H, Wanders RJ, Saudubray JM: Atypical refsum disease with pipecolic acidemia and abnormal catalase distribution. Ann Neurol. 2000 Jan;47(1):109-13. [PubMed:10632109 ]
  3. Lam S: Stereoselective analysis of D and L dansyl amino acids as the mixed chelate copper(II) complexes by HPLC. J Chromatogr Sci. 1984 Sep;22(9):416-23. [PubMed:6490790 ]
  4. Armstrong DW, Zukowski J, Ercal N, Gasper M: Stereochemistry of pipecolic acid found in the urine and plasma of subjects with peroxisomal deficiencies. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1993 Oct;11(10):881-6. [PubMed:8305590 ]
  5. Langeland R: [Construction of facilities in the health sector]. Sykepleien. 1976 Sep 5;63(15):782-4, 793. [PubMed:1050990 ]