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Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Updated at2021-08-15 04:56:50 UTC
NP-MRD IDNP0000068
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Natural Product Identification
Common NameAdenosine diphosphate
DescriptionAdenosine diphosphate (ADP), also known as adenosine pyrophosphate (APP), is an important organic compound in metabolism and is essential to the flow of energy in living cells. ADP consists of three important structural components: A sugar backbone attached to adenine and two phosphate groups bonded to the 5 carbon atom of ribose. The diphosphate group of ADP is attached to the 5’ carbon of the sugar backbone, while the adenine attaches to the 1’ carbon. ADP belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside diphosphates. These are purine ribobucleotides with diphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleotide adenine. Adenosine diphosphate is a nucleotide. ADP exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. In humans, ADP is involved in d4-gdi signaling pathway. ADP is the product of ATP dephosphorylation by ATPases. ADP is converted back to ATP by ATP synthases. ADP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5'-Adenylphosphoric acidChEBI
Adenosine 5'-diphosphateChEBI
ADENOSINE-5'-diphosphATEChEBI
H3ADPChEBI
5'-AdenylphosphateGenerator
Adenosine 5'-diphosphoric acidGenerator
ADENOSINE-5'-diphosphoric acidGenerator
AdenosindiphosphorsaeureHMDB
Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphateHMDB
Adenosine diphosphateHMDB
Adenosine pyrophosphateHMDB
Adenosine-5-diphosphateHMDB
Adenosine-diphosphateHMDB
5'-Pyrophosphate, adenosineHMDB
Adenosine 5' pyrophosphateHMDB
Diphosphate, adenosineHMDB
Magnesium ADPHMDB
MgADPHMDB
Pyrophosphate, adenosineHMDB
ADP, MagnesiumHMDB
Adenosine diphosphoric acidHMDB
ADPMeSH
Chemical FormulaC10H15N5O10P2
Average Mass427.2011 Da
Monoisotopic Mass427.02941 Da
IUPAC Name[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameadenosine-diphosphate
CAS Registry Number58-64-0
SMILES
[H][C@]1(COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)O[C@@]([H])(N2C=NC3=C(N)N=CN=C23)[C@]([H])(O)[C@]1([H])O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H15N5O10P2/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(24-10)1-23-27(21,22)25-26(18,19)20/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H,21,22)(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyXTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionDepositor IDDeposition DateView
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, 100%_DMSO, experimental)Wishart Lab2021-06-20View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, DMSO, simulated)Varshavi.d262021-08-14View Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, DMSO, simulated)Varshavi.d262021-08-14View Spectrum
Species
Species of Origin
Species NameSourceReference
Anas platyrhynchosFooDB
AnatidaeFooDB
Anser anserFooDB
Arabidopsis thalianaLOTUS Database
Bison bisonFooDB
Bos taurusFooDB
Bos taurus X Bison bisonFooDB
Bubalus bubalisFooDB
Cannabis sativaCannabisDB
      Not Available
Capra aegagrus hircusFooDB
CervidaeFooDB
Cervus canadensisFooDB
ColumbaFooDB
ColumbidaeFooDB
Dromaius novaehollandiaeFooDB
Equus caballusFooDB
Gallus gallusFooDB
Helianthus tuberosusLOTUS Database
Homo sapiensLOTUS Database
Lagopus mutaFooDB
LeporidaeFooDB
Lepus timidusFooDB
Melanitta fuscaFooDB
Meleagris gallopavoFooDB
Mus musculusLOTUS Database
Musca domesticaLOTUS Database
Numida meleagrisFooDB
OdocoileusFooDB
OryctolagusFooDB
Ovis ariesFooDB
PhasianidaeFooDB
Phasianus colchicusFooDB
Struthio camelusFooDB
Sus scrofaFooDB
Sus scrofa domesticaFooDB
Species Where Detected
Species NameSourceReference
Escherichia coliKNApSAcK Database
Homo sapiens (Urine)KNApSAcK Database
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside diphosphates. These are purine ribobucleotides with diphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPurine ribonucleoside diphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Imidolactam
  • Pyrimidine
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Imidazole
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-2.64https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenosine_diphosphate
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.27 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.6ALOGPS
logP-4.7ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.77ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area232.6 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity84.94 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability34.24 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
HMDB IDHMDB0001341
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB112404
KNApSAcK IDC00019353
Chemspider ID5800
KEGG Compound IDC00008
BioCyc IDADP
BiGG ID33496
Wikipedia LinkAdenosine_diphosphate
METLIN ID6175
PubChem Compound6022
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16761
Good Scents IDrw1686181
References
General References
  1. Nakayama Y, Kinoshita A, Tomita M: Dynamic simulation of red blood cell metabolism and its application to the analysis of a pathological condition. Theor Biol Med Model. 2005 May 9;2:18. [PubMed:15882454 ]
  2. Cuisset T, Frere C, Quilici J, Barbou F, Morange PE, Hovasse T, Bonnet JL, Alessi MC: High post-treatment platelet reactivity identified low-responders to dual antiplatelet therapy at increased risk of recurrent cardiovascular events after stenting for acute coronary syndrome. J Thromb Haemost. 2006 Mar;4(3):542-9. Epub 2005 Dec 22. [PubMed:16371119 ]
  3. Quinton TM, Kim S, Jin J, Kunapuli SP: Lipid rafts are required in Galpha(i) signaling downstream of the P2Y12 receptor during ADP-mediated platelet activation. J Thromb Haemost. 2005 May;3(5):1036-41. [PubMed:15869601 ]
  4. Saxena R, Gupta M, Gupta S, Kannan M, Ahmed RP, Choudhry VP: Inherited heterogenous defect in platelet aggregation selectively with ADP and epinephrine--a series of 25 cases. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2005 Jul;48(3):345-8. [PubMed:16761747 ]
  5. Corsonello A, Malara A, De Domenico D, Damiano MC, Mirone S, Loddo S, Ientile R, Corica F: Effects of magnesium sulphate on leptin-dependent platelet aggregation: an ex vivo study. Magnes Res. 2005 Mar;18(1):7-11. [PubMed:15945611 ]
  6. Imura Y, Stassen JM, Bunting S, Stockmans F, Collen D: Antithrombotic properties of L-cysteine, N-(mercaptoacetyl)-D-Tyr-Arg-Gly-Asp-sulfoxide (G4120) in a hamster platelet-rich femoral vein thrombosis model. Blood. 1992 Sep 1;80(5):1247-53. [PubMed:1515641 ]
  7. Cuisset T, Frere C, Quilici J, Morange PE, Nait-Saidi L, Carvajal J, Lehmann A, Lambert M, Bonnet JL, Alessi MC: Benefit of a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel on platelet reactivity and clinical outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing coronary stenting. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Oct 3;48(7):1339-45. Epub 2006 Sep 12. [PubMed:17010792 ]
  8. Vigue C, Vigue L, Huszar G: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentrations and ATP/adenosine diphosphate ratios in human sperm of normospermic, oligospermic, and asthenospermic specimens and in their swim-up fractions: lack of correlation between ATP parameters and sperm creatine kinase concentrations. J Androl. 1992 Jul-Aug;13(4):305-11. [PubMed:1399831 ]
  9. Smith SM, Judge HM, Peters G, Storey RF: Multiple antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel are not modulated by statin type in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Platelets. 2004 Dec;15(8):465-74. [PubMed:15763887 ]
  10. Ji Q, Ghaly M, Hjemdahl P, Tornvall P, Li N: Contrast medium attenuates platelet activation and platelet-leukocyte cross-talk. Thromb Haemost. 2005 May;93(5):922-6. [PubMed:15886810 ]
  11. Morshedi M, Oehninger S, Blackmore P, Bocca S, Coddington C, Hodgen G: Investigation of some biochemical and functional effects of cryopreservation of human spermatozoa using an automated freezing-quick-thawing method. Int J Androl. 1995 Dec;18(6):279-86. [PubMed:8719843 ]
  12. Hua J, Suguro S, Iwabuchi K, Tsutsumi-Ishii Y, Sakamoto K, Nagaoka I: Glucosamine, a naturally occurring amino monosaccharide, suppresses the ADP-mediated platelet activation in humans. Inflamm Res. 2004 Dec;53(12):680-8. [PubMed:15654516 ]
  13. Shabanova EY, Mindukshev IV, Malakhovskaya EA, Vivulanets EV, Petrishchev NN, Krivchenko AI: Cooperative type of platelet hypersensitivity to ADP. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2005 Sep;140(3):282-4. [PubMed:16307036 ]